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(AK-233: dp. 4,420; 1. 455' 3"; b. 62'; dr. 28'6". s. 15.5 k. cpl. 100; a. 1 5", 1 3", 4 40mm.; cl. Boulder Victory; T. VC2-S-AP2)
Newcastle Victory, built by Permanente Metals Corp., Richmond, Calif., was laid down 21 August 1944, launched 17 October, and named 29 October. One of many Victory ships ordered by the Maritime Commission, she was one of ten taken over by the Navy to carry ammunition; and commissioned 23 November, Lt. Comdr. J. D. Edwards, USNR, in command. After shakedown off the California coast, she put in at San Francisco 12 December and took on a cargo of ammunition. Upon completion of loading at Port Chicago and San Pablo, Calif., she steamed for Pearl Harbor 28 December.
Newcastle Victory departed Pearl Harbor 17 January 1945, arrived Guam 1 February, departed 6 February in a small convoy bound for Ulithi, where she anchored 8-17 February. She then returned to Guam and offloaded ammunition for the newly commissioned ammunition depot there.
She departed 7 March for San Francisco via Eniwetok and Pearl Harbor. At Pearl Harbor she received a three-week availability, which brought new ordnance and radar equipment and habitability improvements. She departed Pearl Harbor 17 April, arrived San Francisco 23 April, and then took on a new cargo of ammunition at Port Chieago, Calif.
She steamed towards Leyte 15 May, via Pearl Harbor, Saipan, and Ulithi. During June she serviced ships in San Pedro Bay, Leyte; during July she returned to Ulithi and there assumed duties as station issues ship.
Newcastle V*tory was directed to proceed to Seattle in November 1945, where she was laid up in a reduced manning status until May 1946, when she was directed to report to the 3d Naval District for disposal. She steamed in early May via the Panama Canal and Vieques Island, Puerto Rico, where she offloaded her ammunition. She reported to Commander, 3d Naval District, New York, 30 May and decommissioned 21 June. She was stricken from the Navy List 3 July 1946. Returned to the Maritime Commission, she was laid up in the Hudson River, New York. She was reactivated in 1955 and leased to the United Fruit Lines under a general agency agreement.
Newcastle Olympic rally for narrow victory in WPL
An understrength Newcastle Olympic overcame the early loss of star forward Jemma House to down Adamstown 3-2 and move within a point of leaders Broadmeadow in round seven of the Herald Women's Premier League.
Already missing five senior players, including goalkeeper Natalie Wiseman (thumb injury), Olympic were down to 10 players when House - the team's top-scorer with nine goals - was shown a second yellow card after about 20 minutes on Saturday night at LMRFF.
Olympic were ahead 1-0 via a Georgia Amess goal. Adamstown equalised before Amess put Olympic up again. Rosebud levelled before a late winner from Elise Mamanu-Gray. Kiarra Lewis and Leia Puxty scored for Adamstown.
Olympic coach Harmonie Attwill was proud of the effort with a player down, especially with backline regulars Brooke Summers, Danielle Nicol, Emily Frost and Jess Evans missing. She hoped to have players back for games against Warners Bay and Magic.
"Obviously we've got a couple of challenges coming up but it will be good to test ourselves against some of the better teams," Atwill said.
The win narrowed the gap to Broadmeadow (19), who dropped their first points of the year in a 2-2 draw with Warners Bay on Friday night at Magic Park. Charlestown beat New Lambton 2-0 at Lisle Carr Oval, also on Friday night. On Sunday, Maitland downed Mid Coast 5-0 at Cooks Square Park.
Romans Invade Britain
The Romans first attempted to invade the island now known as Britain in 55 B.C., while under the rule of Emperor Julius Caesar.
Although Caesar’s military maneuver was unsuccessful, the armies of the Roman Empire again made a move to conquer the island, which was populated and governed by various Celtic tribes, at the order of Emperor Claudius, in 43 A.D.
Claudius sent Aulus Plautius and some 24,000 soldiers to Britain, and by 79 A.D. they had gained control of the territory that now makes up Wales and southern England. However, they were still meeting fierce resistance from Celtic warriors in what is now northern England.
How should Chelsea line up against Newcastle United with a chance to go fourth?
Thanks to Leicester City blitzing Liverpool in the final ten minutes at the King Power today, and turning a 1-0 deficit into a 3-1 victory, Chelsea have a chance to get back up into the top-four with a win on Monday night against Newcastle United.
The unbeaten run under Tuchel has seen us pick up 10 points from 12 (while Liverpool have lost three straight) to close that gap, though there are plenty of teams just a hair’s breath behind us as well, including Everton and Spurs and Aston Villa, who would overtake us should they win all their games-in-hand.
The only thing we can do is keep winning however, and to that effect, we will have a few injury concerns for this one. Thiago Silva and Kai Havertz remain out, while we continue to pretend that Andreas Christensen didn’t suffer a concussion despite complaining of a headache at half-time on Thursday as he was substituted.
On the plus side, Timo Werner should be back from his dead leg after getting to rest in the Cup.
PRODUCERS OF ALASKA GAS WIN VICTORY IN HOUSE FOR PIPELINE
The House of Representatives today approved an intensely lobbied series of concessions to sponsors of a proposed natural gas pipeline from Alaska.
The vote, 233 to 173, was much closer than expected after the Senate passed an identical measure by a lopsided margin Nov. 19. Today's action appeared to pave the way for bankers to arrange the financing of what would be the most costly private construction project in history.
Even as the pipeline consortium was celebrating its hard-won victory, however, critics of the bill were maneuvering under a technicality for Senate reconsideration that could lead to a filibuster in the waning days of the session.
Because of this parliamentary snag raised by the bill's critics, the House Rules Committee ordered another vote tomorrow. The new House vote is expected to confirm final passage of the bill and avoid a filibuster in the Senate.
The new legislation waives provisions of the law under which President Carter in 1977 selected a consortium led by the Northwest Alaskan Pipeline Company to build the pipeline. The most controversial waiver shifts some of the financial risk to users of natural gas if the line is not completed. Besides this so-called prebilling provision, other waivers allow the gas producers an equity stake in the pipeline and provide for inclusion in the system of a $6 billion conditioning plant.
The pipeline, which would be built over 4,800 miles at a cost of more than $40 billion, would originate on the North Slope of Alaska, run through Canada and split into two legs, terminating near Chicago and near San Francisco. Some southern portions of the pipeline have already been completed and are delivering Canadian gas to California. The entire line is scheduled for completion in 1987.
All states but Vermont are expected to receive some of the Alaskan gas, with the Middle West and Far West to be the heaviest users. How Prebilling Works
The consortium comprises 10 pipeline companies and three gas producers -the Exxon Corporation, the Atlantic Richfield Company and the Standard Oil Company (Ohio).
Under prebilling, utility customers might have to pay for gas they were not getting. The magnitude of this consumer liability is hotly disputed. The pipeline sponsors say it would be no more than $1.50 a month. Some critics such as Energy Action, which describes itself as a consumer group, puts the figure as high as $12 a month.
''This is nothing more than a subsidy for the oil companies'' and banks, declared Representative Edward J. Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat. He was one of several members who used their brief debate time this morning to attack the waiver package.
The pipeline's supporters said the prebilling feature, which could take effect only if Government-approved completion dates for specific segments were not met, was a ''red herring.'' They said the charges would be small and might never be levied. They insisted that it was in the national interest to tap northern Alaska's Prudhoe Bay reserves, which contain an estimated 26 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, or about one-eighth of the nation's reserves. Bankers Making Plans
With today's House action, bankers prepared to step up negotiations to raise the estimated $36 billion of debt capital they will need to attract in the international market, but they remained uncommitted about the prospects.
''Now that the waiver package has been passed and we know the ground rules, the banks expect to recommence their discussions for the financing package very shortly, hopefully in the next 10 days,'' said a New York banker involved with the project who asked that his name not be used.
He acknowledged, however, that raising the money was '⟺r from'' assured. He added: ''The ingredients are out there. Whether they can be brought together in proper combination remains to be seen.''
The banks - led by Citibank, the Chase Manhattan Bank, the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company and the Bank of America - are known to be looking especially closely at the question of the marketability of the higher-cost Alaskan gas.
In the House, the New York State delegation voted against today's resolution, 19 to 17. Those representing New York City voted in favor, 9 to 8.
The New Jersey delegation voted 10 to 4 against, and the Connecticut delegation voted 4 to 1 against. Cost of Gas Estimated
Clarence J. Brown, an Ohio Republican, projected the cost of the Alaskan gas at $11 a thousand cubic feet in today's dollars and $18 in 1987 dollars. This would be about four times the cost of most natural gas today, but the companies would blend the Alaskan gas with other supplies.
Some House opponents said today they would have succeeded in blocking the legislation had they not been betrayed by key Democrats, including Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill Jr.
After the vote, Ralph Nader, the consumer activist, held a news conference in the House press gallery. He asserted that the project would fail because the gas would be too expensive to market. He complained bitterly that Mr. O'Neill had broken what Mr. Nader said was a pledge to delay the vote.
''The momentum was on our side,'' Mr. Nader declared. 'ɺnother week and I think we would have won.'' He said the pipeline issue had produced 'ɺ very serious rupture'' between the Democratic Party and the consumer movement. Supporters of Consortium
Many top Democrats were enlisted by the pipeline consortium in its drive for approval of the waiver package.
Among them were Walter F. Mondale, former Vice President Robert S. Strauss, former Democratic National Committee chairman, and Anne Wexler, former aide to Jimmy Carter.
John G. McMillian, chairman and chief executive officer of Northwest Alaska, had engaged the public relations firm of Peter D. Hannaford, a former speech writer for Ronald Reagan.
The Administration has been lukewarm about the waivers Mr. McMillian wanted, but it agreed to recommend the package to Congress in mid-October. Under the law, the list of concessions could not be amended by Congress.
Honours and records
FA Cup Winners
1910 v Barnsley, Crystal Palace & Goodison Park
1924 v Aston Villa, Wembley Stadium
1932 v Arsenal, Wembley Stadium
1951 v Blackpool, Wembley Stadium
1952 v Arsenal, Wembley Stadium
1955 v Manchester City
FA Cup Runners-up
1905 v Aston Villa, Crystal Palace
1906 v Everton, Crystal Palace
1908 v Wolverhampton Wanderers, Crystal Palace
1911 v Bradford City, Crystal Palace & Old Trafford
1974 v Liverpool, Wembley Stadium
1998 v Arsenal, Wembley Stadium
1999 v Manchester United, Wembley Stadium
Football League Cup Runners-Up
1976 v Manchester City, Wembley Stadium
FA Charity Shield Winners
1909 v Northampton Town
FA Charity Shield Runners-up
1932, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1996
European Fairs Cup Winners
1969 v Ujpesti Dosza, St James' Park & Ujpest
ICFC/UEFA Cup entry
1968/69, 1969/70, 1970/71, 1977/78, 1994/95, 1996/97, 1999/00, 2003/04, 2004/05
UEFA Champions League entry
European Cup Winners Cup entry
Texaco Cup Winners
Anglo-Italian Cup Winners
Club Facts and Records
Newcastle East End 1882
Newcastle United 1892
Newcastle East End 1889
Home: Black & white stripe shirts, black shorts, black socks
52,338 (revised in summer 2018)
105 x 68 Metres
Record Home Attendance
68,386 v Chelsea, 3rd September 1930 (Division One)
Record Average Attendance
56,299 Season 1947-48 (Division Two)
Football League Champions
1904-05 1906-07 1908-09 1926-27
FA Cup Winners
1910 1924 1932 1951 1952 1955
UEFA (Fairs) Cup Winners
13-0 v Newport County (h), Division 2, 5th October 1946
0-9 v Burton Wanderers (a), Div Two, 15th April 1895
Most League Points
45, Division Two, 1964-65, (Two Points Win)
96, Division One, 1992-93 (Three Points Win)
Most League Goals
98, Division One, 1951-52
Most League Appearances
432 - Jimmy Lawrence, 1904-1922
Most League & Cup Appearances
496 - Jimmy Lawrence 1904-22
Longest Serving Players
19 years - W. McCracken (1904-23)
19 years - F. Hudspeth (1910-29)
Longest Serving Individual(s)
48 years - J. Richardson (player & trainer 1929-77)
64 years - A. Mutch (physio & trainer 1922-86)
Top Ten Career Appearances ( League & Cup Games)
1. 496 - Jimmy Lawrence (1904-22)
2. 472 - Frank Hudspeth (1910-29)
3. 462 - Shay Given (1997-2009)
4. 457 - Frank Clark (1962-75)
5. 432 - Bill McCracken (1904-23)
6. 431 - Alf McMichael (1949-63)
7. 412 - David Craig (1962-78)
8. 410 - Bobby Mitchell (1949-61)
9. 405 - Alan Shearer (1996-2006)
10. 397 - Jackie Milburn (1946-57)
Top Ten League Appearances
1. 432 - Jimmy Lawrence (1904-22)
2. 430 - Frank Hudspeth (1910-29)
3. 402 - Alf McMichael (1949-63)
4. 389 - Frank Clark (1962-75)
5. 377 - Bill McCracken (1904-23)
6. 367 - Bobby Mitchell (1949-61)
7. 353 - Jackie Milburn (1946-57)
8. 351 - David Craig (1962-78)
9. 341 - Tom McDonald (1921-31)
10. 336 - Shay Given (1997-2009)
Top Ten FA Cup Appearances
1. 64 - Jimmy Lawrence (1904-22)
2. 55 - Bill McCracken (1904-23)
3. 45 - Colin Veitch (1899-1915)
=4. 44 - Jackie Milburn (1943-57)
=4. 44 - John Rutherford (1902-13)
6. 43 - Wilf Low (1909-24)
7. 42 - Frank Hudspeth (1910-29)
=8. 41 - Bobby Mitchell (1949-61)
=8. 41 - Peter McWilliam (1902-11)
=8. 41 - George Wilson (1907-19)
Top Ten League Cup Appearances
1. 23 - Rob Lee (1992-2002)
2. 22 - Irving Nattrass (1970-79)
3. 21 - Peter Beardsley (1983-97)
=4. 19 - Tommy Cassidy (1970-80)
=4. 19 - Frank Clark (1962-75)
=4. 19 - Pat Howard (1971-76)
=7. 18 - David Craig (1960-78)
=7. 18 - Willie McFaul (1966-75)
=7. 18 - Malcolm Macdonald (1971-76)
=7. 18 - Kevin Scott (1984-94)
=7. 18 - Lee Clark (1990-97 2005-06)
Top Ten European Appearances
1. 54 - Shay Given (1997-date)
2. 49 - Alan Shearer (1996-date)
3. 44 - Aaron Hughes (1997-2005)
4. 39 - Gary Speed (1998-2004)
=5. 37 - Shola Ameobi (2000-2014)
=5. 37 - Andy O'Brien (2000-2005)
7. 35 - Laurent Robert (2001-05)
=8. 32 - Olivier Bernard (2000-05)
=8. 32 - Jermaine Jenas (2002-05)
10. 31- Nobby Solano (1998-2004 2005-07)
Most Capped Players
1. Shay Given Rep Ireland (1996-2009) 80
2. Aaron Hughes N Ireland (1998-2005) 43
3. Nikos Dabizas Greece (1998-2003) 42
4. Alf McMichael N Ireland (1950-1960) 40
5. Gary Speed Wales(1998-2004) 36
6. Alan Shearer England (1997-2000) 35
7. Kieron Dyer England (1999-2007) 32
8. Nobby Solano Peru (1998-2004) 29
9. David Craig N Ireland (1967-75) 25
= Peter Beardsley England (1986-96) 25
16 years 223 days - S. Watson, (November 1990 v Wolves)
42 years 225 days - W. Hampson, (April 1927 v Birmingham C.)
Youngest European Appearance
18 years 18 days - Aaron Hughes (November 1997 v Barcelona)
18 years 61 days - Steven Taylor (March 2004 v Real Mallorca)
18 years 249 days - Alan Foggon (October 1968 v Sporting Lisbon)
18 years 255 days - James Milner (September 2004 v Hapoel Bnei Sakhnin)
18 years 286 days - Charles N'Zogbia (March 2005 v Olympiakos)
Most League & Cup goals in Newcastle career
206, Alan Shearer, 1996-2006
Most League Goals in Newcastle career
178, Jackie Milburn, 1946-57
Top ten Newcastle Career Goalscorers
1. 206, Alan Shearer 1996-2006
2. 200, Jackie Milburn, 1946-57
3. 153, Len White, 1953-62
4. 143, Hughie Gallacher, 1925-30
5. 121, Malcolm MacDonald, 1971-76
6. 119, Peter Beardsley , 1983-97
7. 113, Bobby Mitchell, 1949-61
8. 113, Tom McDonald, 1921-31
9. 101, Neil Harris, 1920-25
10. 97, Bryan Robson, 1962-71
Top ten Newcastle League Goalscorers
1. 177, Jackie Milburn, 1946-57
2. 148, Alan Shearer, 1996-2006
3. 142, Len White, 1953-62
4. 133, Hughie Gallacher, 1925-30
5. 108, Peter Beardsley , 1983-97
6. 100, Tom McDonald, 1921-31
=7. 95, Malcolm Macdonald, 1971-76
=7. 95, Bobby Mitchell, 1949-61
9. 87, Neil Harris, 1920-25
=10. 82, George Robledo, 1949-53
=10. 82, Bryan Robson, 1962-71
Top ten Newcastle FA Cup Goalscorers
1. 23, Jackie Milburn, 1943-57
2. 21, Alan Shearer, 1996-2006
3. 18, Bobby Mitchell, 1949-61
=4. 16, Bill Appleyard, 1903-08
=4. 16, Albert Shepherd, 1908-14
=6. 14, Neil Harris, 1920-25
=6. 14, James Howie, 1903-10
=6. 14, Malcolm Macdonald, 1971-76
=6. 14, John Rutherford, 1902-13
10 13. Tom McDonald, 1921-31
Top ten Newcastle League Cup Goalscorers
1. 12, Malcolm Macdonald, 1971-76
2. 8, Andy Cole, 1993-95
=3. 7, Alan Gowling, 1975-78
=3. 7, Alan Shearer, 1996-2006
5. 5, Gavin Peacock, 1990-93
=6. 4, Peter Beardsley , 1983-97
=6. 4, Craig Bellamy, 2001-05
=6. 4, Micky Burns, 1974-78
=6. 4, Paul Cannell, 1972-78
10. Seven players on three ( Shola Ameobi , Tommy Cassidy, Kieron Dyer, Les Ferdinand, Rob Lee, Neil McDonald and Irving Nattrass).
Top ten Newcastle European Goalscorers
1. 30, Alan Shearer, 1996-2006
2. 12, Shola Ameobi , 2000-date
3. 11, Craig Bellamy, 2001-05
4. 10, Wyn Davies, 1966-71
5. 9, Bryan Robson, 1962-71
6. 9, Tino Asprilla, 1996-98
7. 7, Nobby Solano, 1998-date
=8. 5, Jimmy Scott, 1967-70
=8. 5, Gary Speed, 1998-2004
=8. 5, Patrick Kluivert, 2004-05
=8. 5, Laurent Robert, 2001-05
Strike Rate in a Career
82% - Hughie Gallacher, 1925-30 (143 gls/174 games)
81% - Andy Cole, 1993-95) (68 gls/84 games)
75% - Albert Shepherd, 1908-14 (92 gls/123 games)
65% - Jack Smith, 1934-38 (73 gls/112 games)
64% - Barrie Thomas, 1962-64 (50 gls/78 games)
60% - William Appleyard, 1903-08 (87 gls/145 games)
60% - Les Ferdinand, 1995-97 (50 gls/83 games)
51% - Alan Shearer, 1996-2006 (206gls/404 games)
Most League & Cup goals in a season
41, Andy Cole 1993-94
Most League goals in a season
36, Hughie Gallacher, Division One, 1926-27
Top six most league and cup goals in a season
41 goals in 45 games, Andy Cole, 1993-94
39 goals in 41 games, Hughie Gallacher, 1926-27
39 goals in 46 games, George Robledo, 1951/52
34 goals in 44 games, Hughie Gallacher, 1929/30
34 goals in 53 games, Mick Quinn, 1989/90
34 goals in 46 games, Charlie Wayman, 1946/47
Most Goals in a Match
6 - Len Shackleton v Newport County (h), 5th October 1946 (Division Two)
Youngest European Goalscorer
1. Alan Foggon, 19yrs 17 days (Vitoria Setubal, March 12, 1969)
2. Charles N'Zogbia, 19yrs 50 days (Dubnica, July 17, 2005)
3. Darren Ambrose, 19yrs 208 days (NAC Breda, September 24, 2003)
4. Shola Ameobi , 19yrs 275 days (Lokeren, July 14, 2001)
Liverpool equal Premier League win record with victory at Newcastle
Liverpool have matched Manchester City for most wins in a single Premier League season after signing off on 2019-20 with victory over Newcastle United.
The Reds clinched their first Premier League crown and 19th overall title in the English top flight at the end of June after leading for almost the entire season.
It was also the club's first league crown since 1990, ending a barren run of three decades without finishing on top domestically.
By winning with seven games to spare Jurgen Klopp's men set a new record, one of many over the course of a dominant campaign that was interrupted for almost three months by the coronavirus pandemic.
Sunday saw the Reds visit St. James' Park for their final league outing, and despite an early scare they had few problems in seeing off Newcastle's challenge.
Virgil van Dijk struck towards the end of the first half to cancel out Dwight Gayle's opener after just 25 seconds, while Divock Origi and Sadio Mane were on target after the break to seal a 3-1 win for the visitors.
It was Liverpool's 32nd win of the Premier League, a number just one team in history has reached before.
Manchester City recorded 32 victories in consecutive seasons in 2017-18 and 2018-19, as Pep Guardiola's men won back-to-back titles.
99 - Liverpool finished the season with 99 points, the second-highest return in English top-flight history behind only Manchester City's 100 points in 2017-18. Crazy. pic.twitter.com/aOsreooHDK
City, however, remain in sole possession of the overall record for points in a single season, having picked up 100 in 2017-18.
Liverpool finished just one shy of that milestone on 99 after taking their foot off the accelerator once the title was secured - they dropped 10 points in their last nine games with the title destined for Anfield, more than in the 29 matches beforehand - but nevertheless beat the club record set in 1978-9 of 98 (adjusted for three points for a win) under legendary manager Bob Paisley.
Sunday's victory was also the club's 14th away from home over the course of 2019-20, another record in Premier League history.
Arsenal loanee Joe Willock makes Premier League history and enhances reputation as goalscoring midfielder – and suggests he’s ready for permanent Newcastle transfer
The Arsenal loanee scored the winner in a 1-0 victory over Sheffield United in front of thousands of returning Newcastle fans, who have already fallen in love with the midfielder since his January arrival.
That’s because Willock has scored in his last six Premier League appearances, making him the youngest player in top-flight history to do so at the age of 21 years and 272 days.
The England youth midfielder met Jacob Murphy’s cross with an unstoppable header at the end of the first-half.
“It’s a superbly timed from from midfield. He’s been a thorn in Sheffield United’s side all half,” former Leeds manager Neil Redfearn said on commentary for talkSPORT.
“It’s getting a reputation as a goalscoring midfielder now, it’s a great finish.”
And after the game Willock suggested he could remain the toast of the Toon Army, with talks ongoing over a deal to keep him at St James’ Park.
Reports have claimed Arsenal are planning to bring the youngster back into the first-team set up next season, unless they receive any sizeable bids.
Manager Steve Bruce recently told talkSPORT Newcastle will try to sign the flourishing starlet in a permanent deal this summer after his stunning loan stay.
Magpies star Allan Saint-Maximin has also been full of praise for Willock and, in an exclusive interview with the station, urged the club to sign the midfielder and others like him.
And after scoring his seventh goal for the St James’ Park club, Willock indicated he is willing to stay.
“I want to say thank you for making me feel so welcome and thank you for greeting me with open arms,” he said.
“I hope you’re satisfied with what I’ve given for the club so far and hopefully there’s more to continue in the future. I’m not going to promise anything, but the conversation is going to be held.
“To make history at this special club is special for me. I came here on loan to help the team and it’s turned into a brilliant story.
“It’s been tremendous and I’m so happy that we can sign off with a win at home.”
Admiral Lord Collingwood
The late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries can be seen as a great age of sail and a great age of heroes. It is an age which has given rise to glorious tales of derring-do and courage. Yet behind such tales are manifold stories of sacrifice and suffering.
It was an era in which men went to sea against unfathomable odds. Even if the brutal fighting of the Napoleonic Wars is put to one side, sailors crossed the ocean and battled the uncompromising elements in wooden ships and harsh living conditions. Supplies ran low, space was cramped and discipline was rigidly enforced. Making port was no guarantee of safety. Places such as English Harbour (Antigua) were notorious, and many sailors fell victim to sickness and disease. Naval life in reality was far removed from how this period is often remembered, as a time of drawing room ease and ballroom gentility. Cuthbert Collingwood, one of the great leaders of British naval history, must be remembered in this context.
Collingwood was born in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1748 and, like many of his contemporaries, embarked upon his naval career aged only twelve. Initially, he served aboard the frigate HMS Shannon. He sailed to Boston in 1774, now serving on HMS Preston, and fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775.
He first met a certain Horatio Nelson when they were both midshipmen and a lifelong friendship followed. Their careers developed side by side. In 1777, they served together aboard HMS Lowestoffe. Then in 1779, Collingwood succeeded Nelson as Commander of HMS Badger and in 1780, he once again took over from Nelson as Post-Captain of HMS Hinchinbrook.
After a period of service spent in the West Indies, Collingwood returned to England in 1786 and largely remained there until 1793. This more settled time in his life saw his marriage to Sarah Blackett in 1791.
Yet his naval career often kept Collingwood at sea and far from home. The ramifications of the French Revolution in 1789 were felt across world, and the conflicts it spawned would come to engulf Collingwood’s life. He served at some of the most famous battles of this period, including The Glorious First of June in 1794 and The Battle of Cape St. Vincent in 1797.
However, as one of the most famous naval engagements in history, it is for the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 that Collingwood will be most remembered. Now a Vice Admiral, having been promoted in 1804, he was second-in-command under Nelson.
As the engagement began on 21st October, the British Fleet split into two columns. The first was led by Nelson aboard HMS Victory, while the second was led by Collingwood on HMS Royal Sovereign. As Nelson headed towards the vanguard of the Franco-Spanish Fleet, Collingwood raced towards its rear. The Franco-Spanish Fleet attempted to turn back for Cadiz, but the attempt caused only confusion. Collingwood was the first to break through the Franco-Spanish line and raked the bows of the Fougueux, which had previously fired the first shots of the day.
Watching this, Nelson cried out, “See how that noble fellow Collingwood takes his ship into action! How I envy him!” Abroad the Royal Sovereign, Collingwood asked what Nelson would give to be with them at that moment.
When Nelson succumbed to his injuries at around 5 o’clock, command of the British Fleet fell to Collingwood. Although victory was all but won, this was not the end of the British Fleet’s struggle. Before his death, Nelson had left orders for Collingwood to go to anchor once the battle had ended, in order to ride out the coming storm. Following the surrender of the Franco-Spanish Fleet, Collingwood went against this order. Perhaps wanting to get away from the dangerous shoreline, and aware that many of the heavily damaged ships did not have the ability to go to anchor regardless of what orders he gave, Collingwood instead led the fleet to safety through a violent storm which lasted a week.
No British ships were lost in either the battle or the storm.
Although the Battle of Trafalgar saw Britain triumph over Napoleon at sea, fighting continued on the continent for another decade. Collingwood was appointed Commander in Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet and directed the continuing patrols and blockades. His health began to decline rapidly. Collingwood died in March 1810, as he was finally sailing home to England. Permission to return home had previously been denied.
Throughout his life, Collingwood served His Majesty’s Navy tirelessly. He was raised to the Peerage as 1st Baron Collingwood and, alongside Nelson and Sir Edward Berry, was one of only three men to have received three gold medals during the wars against France.
Before Trafalgar commenced, it had been agreed that there would be no signals during the battle. When Collingwood then saw that the Victory was raising one, he is said to have grumbled at first. After all, everyone already knew what to do. But what this famous signal read is perhaps a fitting acknowledgment to Collingwood: ‘England expects that every man will do his duty’.
Serving adults in the Chicago and surrounding areas, our community is an extension of Pathway to Living, a program and a promise to celebrate life by fostering a stimulating, comfortable and openhearted environment.
The lifestyle at Victory Centre of Galewood supports residents in the next phase of life. People are choosing Victory Centre of Galewood as home because they would like to have someone walk with them on their path, not stand in the way. Life enrichment is our priority. Through Pathway to Living's award-winning VIVA! philosophy, residents are growing - physically, mentally and spiritually.
At Victory Centre of Galewood, we offer Pathway to Living's signature, award-winning VIVA! lifestyle - an approach that offers an entirely new way of aging healthfully and happily, encouraging and inviting residents to live each day with purpose, fulfillment, and meaning. VIVA offers a combination of programs, including a number of proven Pathway to Living's signature programs that have been perfected over time, as well as customized programs developed specifically for individual residents.
Signature programs include:
Inspire the artist within! We offer regular and ongoing instruction in various art mediums for both beginning and experienced artists.
Every month, our residents engage in programs from college level courses on various topics to adult educational series on photography, literature and other resident interests.
Residents have the opportunity to maintain their own vegetable garden and curate seasonal ingredients. It's not uncommon for a summer dish to be topped with our own homegrown vegetables.
Viva! World Tour invites residents to see the world, experience exotic cultures and practice foreign languages, all without ever leaving home. Viva! World Tour expands the mind while satisfying the travel bug.
During Pathway's Drumming and Vibrations circles, residents tap into their creative spirit. Using a variety of rhythmic instruments, residents exercise self-expression and socialization with friends. Plus, it's an effective full-body workout!
Adopt, don't shop! At Pathway, we're committed to rescuing dogs who need a loving and forever home. Every Pathway community you visit will have a four-legged resident!
Wellness Care You Can Trust!
- Routine health and wellness programs, including weight monitoring, blood pressure checks, nurse consultations and coordination of licensed medical services
- Medication management and review of possible drug interactions by a pharmacist
- Assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs)
- Routine follow-up coordination with physicians and ancillary medical service providers such as therapy, home health and hospice
- Resident and family education and support
- Disease prevention counseling and education on self-care
- VIVA! Legacy, an award-winning program honoring residents' living and end-of-life wishes to create a personalized lifestyle
- 24 hour care staff
You simply have to visit and meet some of our residents to learn for yourself what makes living at Victory Centre of Galewood so special.
What Makes Us Special
At Pathway Senior Living, we think about aging differently. We value elderhood as a viable and productive period of human life. We focus on providing WELL care, not sick care. We take a holistic and proactive approach to enhancing our residents' lives. Our approach is so unique and so deeply engrained in our culture that we even have our own name for it - we call it "VIVA!" VIVA! is an enthusiastic cleebration of life! It is far-reaching and all encompassing. VIVA! sets the tone for teh personalized way we care for our residents. our individualized approach to supporting their overall well being. VIVA! offers a whole new way of living life to the fullest!