USS Idaha BB-42 - History

USS Idaha BB-42 - History



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USS Idaha BB-42

USS Idaho BB-42

Idaho IV

(BB-42: dp. 32,000 n. 1. 624', b. 97'5", dr. 30'; s. 21 k.;

cpl. 1,081; a. 12 14 ', 14 5", 4 3", 2 21" tt.; cl. New York)

The fourth Idaho (BB-42) was launched by New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, N.J., 30 June 1917; sponsored by Miss H. A. Limons, granddaughter of the Governor of Idaho; and commissioned 24 March 1919, Captain C. T. Vogelgesang in command.

Idaho sailed 13 April for shakedown training out of Guantanamo Bay, and after returning to New York received President Pessoa of Brazil for the voyage to Rio de Janeiro. Departing 6 July with her escort, the battleship arrived Rio 17 July 1919. From there she set course for the Panama Canal, arriving Monterey, Calif., in September to Join the Pacific Fleet. She joined other dreadnoughts in training exercises and reviews, including a Fleet Review by President Wilson 13 September 1919. In 1920 the battleship carried Secretary Daniels and the Secretary of the Interior on an inspection tour of Alaska.

Upon her return from Alaska 22 July 1920 Idaho took part in fleet maneuvers off the California coast and as far south as Chile. She continued this important training until 1925, taking part in numerous ceremonies on the West Coast during the interim. Idaho took part in the fleet review held by President Harding in Seattle shortly before his death in 1923. The battleship sailed 15 April 1925 for Hawaii,. participated in war games until 1 July, and then got underway for Samoa, Australia, and New Zealand. On the return voyage Idaho embarked gallant Comdr. John Rodgers and his seaplane crew after their attempt to fly to Hawaii, arriving San Francisco 24 September 1925.

For the next 6 years Idaho operated out of San Pedro on training and readiness operations off California and in the Caribbean. She sailed from San Pedro 7 September 1931 for the East Coast, entering Norfolk Navy Yard 30 September for modernization The veteran battleship received better armor, "blister" antisubmarine protection, better machinery. and tripod masts during this extensive overhaul, and was readied for many more years of useful naval service. After completion 9 October 1934 the ship conducted shakedown in the Caribbean before returning to her home port, San Pedro, 17 April 1935.

As war clouds gathered in the Pacific, the fleet increased the tempo of its training operations. Idaho carrier out fleet tactics and gunnery exercises regularly until arriving with the battle fleet at Pearl Harbor 1 July 1940. The ship sailed for Hampton Roads 6 June 1941 to perform Atlantic neutrality patrol, a vital part of U.S. policy in the early days of the European fighting. She moved to Iceland in September to protect American advance bases and was on station at Hvalfjordur when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941 and catapulted America into the war.

Idaho and sister ship Mississippi departed Iceland 2 days after Pearl Harbor to join the Pacific Fleet, and arrived San Francisco via Norfolk and the Panama Canal 31 January 1942. She conducted additional battle exercises in California waters and out of Pearl Harbor until October 1942, when she entered Puget Sound Navy Yard to be re gunned. Upon completion of this work Idaho again took part in battle exercises, and sailed 7 April 1943 for operations in the bleak Aleutians. There she was flagship of the bombardment and patrol force around Attu, where she gave gunfire support to the Army landings 11 May 1943. During the months that followed she concentrated on Riska, culminating in an assault 15 August. The Japanese were found to have evacuated the island in late July, thus abandoning their last foothold in the Aleutians.

Idaho returned to San Francisco 7 September 1943 to prepare for the invasion of the Gilbert Islands. Moving to Pearl Harbor, she got underway with the assault fleet 10 November and arrived off Makin Atoll 20 November. She supported the fighting ashore with accurate gunfire support and antiaircraft fire, remaining in the Gilbert s until sailing for Pearl Harbor 5 December 1943.

Next on the Pacific timetable was the invasion of the Marshalls, and the veteran battleship arrived off Kwajalein early 31 January to soften up shore positions. Again she hurled tons of shells into Japanese positions until 5 February, when the outcome was one of certain victory. After replenishing at Majuro she bombarded other islands in the group, then moved to Ravieng, New Ireland, for a diversionary bombardment 20 March 1944.

Idaho returned to the New Hebrides 25 March, and after a short stay in Australia arrived Kwajalein with a group of escort carriers 8 June. From there the ships steamed to the Marianas where Idaho began a pre invasion bombardment of Saipan 14 June. With this brilliantly executed landing assault underway 15 June, the battleship moved to Guam for bombardment assignments. As the American fleet decimated Japanese carrier air power in the Battle of the Philippine Sea 19 to 21 June, Idaho protected the precious transport area and reserve troop convoys. After returning briefly to Eniwetok 28 June to 9 July the ship began pre invasion bombardment of Guam 12 July, and continued the devastating shelling until the main assault eight days later. As ground troops battled for the island, Idaho stood offshore providing vital fire support until anchoring at Eniwetok 2 August 1944.

The ship continued to Espiritu Santo and entered a floating dry dock 16 August for repairs to her "blisters." After landing rehearsals on Guadalcanal in early September, Idaho moved to Peleliu 12 September and began bombarding the island, needed as a staging base for the invasion of the Philippines. Despite the furious bombardment, Japanese entrenchments gave assault forces still opposition, and the battleship remained off Peleliu until 24 September providing the all important fire su port for advancing marines. She then sailed for Manue and eventually to Bremerton, Wash., where she arrived for needed repairs 22 October 1944. This was followed by battle practice off California.

Idaho's mighty guns were needed for the next giant amphibious assault on the way to Japan. She sailed from San Diego 20 January 1945 to join a battleship group to Pearl Harbor. After rehearsals she steamed from the Marianas 14 February for the invasion of Iwo Jima. As marines stormed ashore 19 February Idaho was again blasting enemy positions with her big guns. She remained off Iwo Jima until 7 March, when she got underway for Ulithi and the last of the great Pacific assault on Okinawa.

Idaho sailed 21 March 1945 as part of Rear Admiral Deyo's Gunfire and Covering Group and flagship of Bombardment Unit 4. She arrived offshore 25 March and began silencing enemy shore batteries and pounding installations. The landings began 1 April, and as the Japanese made a desperate attempt to drive the vast fleet away with suicide attacks, Idaho's gunners shot down numerous planes. In a massed attack 12 April the battleship shot down five kamikazes before suffering damage to her port blisters from a near-miss. After temporary repairs she sailed 20 April and arrived Guam five days later.

The veteran of so many of the landings of the Pacific quickly completed repairs and returned to Okinawa 22 May to resume fire support. Idaho remained until 20 June 1945 then sailed for battle maneuvers in Leyte Gulf until hostilities ceased 16 August 1945.

Idaho made her triumphal entry into Tokyo Bay with occupation troops 27 August, and witnessed the signing of the surrender on board Missouri 2 September. Four days later she began the long voyage to the East Coast of the United States, steaming via the Panama Canal to Norfolk l6 October 1945. She decommissioned 3 July 1946 and was placed in reserve until sold for scrap 24 November 1947 to Lipsett Inc., of New York City.

Idaho received seven battle stars for World War II service.


World War Photos

USS Idaho going through the Panama Canal in 1930s USS Idaho and USS Wasp October 1941 USS Idaho, LCVP and LVT Okinawa 1945 USS Idaho New York 1919
USS Idaho being repaired at Espiritu Santo 15 August 1944 USS Idaho 14” forward guns 2 USS Idaho 14” forward guns USS Idaho at New York Shipbuilding Corp 1919
USS Idaho anchored USS Idaho 5 April 1919 USS Idaho, stern 2 USS Idaho 3
USS Idaho with lattice masts Aerial view of USS Idaho 1926 USS Idaho port side Battleship USS Idaho, stern view 1935
USS Idaho (BB-42) in 1942 Battleship USS Idaho near Kwajelin 1944 USS Idaho Anchored in Hvaeldefjord Iceland October 1941 Battleship USS Idaho bombarding Iwo Jima February 1945
Battleship USS Idaho BB-42 USS Idaho during the bombardment of Okinawa 1 April 1945 Battleship USS Idaho following modernization 1934 Battleship USS Idaho bombarding Okinawa 1 April 1945, color photo
USS Idaho and USS Texas BB-35 photographed before the WW2 Battleships USS IDAHO BB-42 and USS NEW MEXICO BB-42, 1938 Battleship USS Idaho BB-42 1939 Bow view of Battleship USS Idaho BB-42
  • US Standard-type Battleships 1941-1945 (1): Nevada, Pennsylvania and New Mexico Classes – Osprey New Vanguard 220
  • Amerykanski pancernik Idaho – S. Brzezinski, Profile Morskie 68 (polish/english)
  • U.S. Battleships in Action, Part 1 – Robert C. Stern, Don Greer Squadron/Signal Publications Warships No. 3
  • U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History – Norman Friedman Naval Institute Press 1985
  • The Age of the Battleship 1890-1922
  • US Navy Dreadnoughts 1914-45 – Osprey New Vanguard 208
  • Battleships The First Big Guns, Rare Photographs from Wartime Archives (Images of War) – Philip Kaplan
  • Battleships – Peter Hore Lorenz Books 2005
  • Battleships: United States Battleships, 1935-1992 – Naval Institute Press 1995
  • Battleships: An Illustrated History of Their Impact – Stanley Sandler
  • All the World’s Battleships: 1906 to the Present – Ian Sturton Conway Maritime Press 2000

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USS Idaho (BB-42)

Alus tilattiin Virginiasta Newport News Shipbuildingilta, missä köli laskettiin 5. huhtikuuta 1915. Alus laskettiin vesille 30. kesäkuuta 1917 ja otettiin palvelukseen 24. maaliskuuta 1919.

Palvelukseen oton jälkeen alus oli koulutettavana Guantanamo Bayn tukikohdassa Kuubassa. Koulutuksen päätyttyä alus palasi pohjoiseen. Alus teki kesäkuussa ja heinäkuussa laivastovierailut Rio de Janeiroon ennen syyskuista liittymistään Yhdysvaltain Tyynenmeren laivastoon. [1]

Aluksen kotisatamana oli San Pedro ja se kuului 4. taistelulaivaviirikköön. Alus oli 15. huhtikuuta – 24. syyskuuta 1925 Havaijin, Samoan, Australian ja Uuden Seelannin vesillä. Heinäkuussa 1931 alus liitettiin 1. taistelulaivaviirikköön, kunnes se siirrettiin 7. syyskuuta modernisoitavaksi Norfolkin laivastontelakalle. Alus oli modernisoinnin ajan nimellisesti liitettynä 2. taistelulaivaviirikköön. [1]

Alus palautettiin palvelukseen 9. lokakuuta 1934. Koeajojen ja kouluttautumisen jälkeen se palasi 17. huhtikuuta 1935 San Pedroon 3. taistelulaivaviirikköön, mistä alus siirtyi 1. huhtikuuta 1940 Pearl Harboriin Havaijille. Alus oli vuodesta 1936 alkaen viirikkönsä lippulaiva. Euroopan heikko tilanne 1941 pakotti aluksen siirtymään viirikkönsä mukana Atlantille, jossa viirikkö aloitti koskemattomuuden valvonnan. [1]

Alus lähti 6. kesäkuuta 1941 Pearl Harborista Hampton Roadiin ja heinäkuusta alkaen se partioi keskisellä Pohjois-Atlantilla suojanaan hävittäjät USS Morris ja USS Simms. Aluksen ollessa syyskuussa Task Force 15:ssä yhdessä kahden raskaan risteilijän ja viidentoista hävittäjän kanssa se suojasi joukkojenkuljetussaattueita Islantiin, minkä jälkeen alus oli jonkin aikaa sijoitettuna Hvalfjordissa ennen paluutaan lokakuun alussa Argentian lahdelle. [1]

Alus palasi vielä kerran marraskuun alkupuolella Hvalfjordiin Islantiin TG1.3:n mukana, kun oletettiin Saksan laivaston taistelulaiva Tirpitzin olevan merellä. Keisarillisen Japanin laivaston hyökätessä Pearl Harboriin Idaho oli edelleen Islannissa, mutta se aloitti kaksi päivää myöhemmin paluumatkansa Yhdysvaltoihin. Alus saapui San Franciscoon 31. tammikuuta 1942.

Vuoden lopun alus oli Yhdysvaltain länsirannikolla koulutuksessa sekä meriliikenteen valvontatehtävissä rannikon ja Pearl Harborin välillä. Alus liitettiin kesäkuussa uudelleen muodostettuun Task Force 1:een. Alus oli 14. lokakuuta – 28. joulukuuta huollettavana Puget Soundin laivastontelakalla. Koeajojen ja koulutuksen jälkeen alus palautettiin palvelukseen. [1]

Vuoden 1943 alun alus oli Kaliforniassa valmistautuen Aleuttien taisteluihin. Alus lähti 7. huhtikuuta Cold Bayhin Alaskaan osallistuakseen taisteluihin osana TG51.1:tä. Alus tulitti Attua 11. toukokuuta alkaen. Kiskan edustalla Idaho ja USS Mississippi sekä niiden tukena olleet risteilijät ja hävittäjät kävivät 27. heinäkuuta suuren tykistötaistelun. Tulituksen aiheutti tutkavirhe, jonka seurauksena harhamaaliin ammuttiin yli 500 kappaletta 14 tuuman ja saman verran 8 tuuman kranaatteja. Varsinaisessa maihinnousussa Kiskalle Idaho kuului 2.–15. elokuuta TG16.17:ään. [1]

Alus palasi 7. syyskuuta San Franciscoon, jossa se aloitti kouluttautumisen Gilbertsaarten taisteluita varten. Alus lähti Pearl Harboriin liittyäkseen TG52.2:een eli Makin saarten tulitukiryhmään. Alus lähti 10. marraskuuta Pearl Harborista maihinnousulaivaston mukana ja se saapui Makinin edustalle 20. marraskuuta aloittaen tulituksen, joka jatkui aina 5. joulukuuta saakka. Alus lähti samana päivänä paluumatkalle Pearl Harboriin. [2]

Alus liitettiin 1944 Marshallsaarten maihinnousun tulitukiosastoon TG52.8. Se avasi tulen Kwajaleinille 31. tammikuuta, missä se oli aina 5. helmikuuta saakka. Alus tulitti tämän jälkeen harhautukseksi Kaviengia Uudella Irlannilla 20. huhtikuuta, mistä se palasi Uusille Hebrideille ja edelleen Australiaan. Alus palasi Kwajaleinille saattuetukialusryhmän mukana 8. kesäkuuta valmistautuen Saipanin maihinnousuun. [3]

Mariaaneille alus lähti TG52.10:n mukana osallistuen tulivalmisteluun 14. kesäkuuta sekä maihinnousuun seuraavana päivänä. Alus lähti Guamille, jonka jälkeen se makasi ankkurissa Eniwetokilla 28. kesäkuuta – 9. heinäkuuta ennen 12. heinäkuuta aloitettua Guamin tulivalmistelua, joka kesti kuun loppuun. Alus palasi 2. elokuuta Eniwetokille. Aluksen seuraava operaatio oli Peleliun tulivalmistelu 12.–24. syyskuuta, jonka jälkeen se matkasi kotimaahan huollettavaksi. Alus saapui 22. lokakuuta Bremertoniin, josta se siirrettiin Puget Soundin laivastontelakalle. [3]

Alus palautettiin 1. tammikuuta 1945 palvelukseen. Alus lähti 20. tammikuuta San Diegoon ennen siirtymistään Pearl Harboriin ja edelleen Mariaaneille. Se osallistui Mariaaneille 14. helmikuuta saavuttuaan Iwo Jiman taisteluun (TF54), jonka tulivalmistelu aloitettiin 16. helmikuuta. Alus pysyi alueella, kunnes se lähti 7. maaliskuuta Ulithiin valmistautumaan Okinawan taisteluun. [3]

Alus liitettiin 21. maaliskuuta maihinnousun tulitukiosastossa TG54.4:ään. Aluksen piti aloitta tulivalmistelu 26. maaliskuuta ja jatkaa maajoukkojen tukemista aina 20. huhtikuuta saakka. Kamikaze osui aluksen viereen 12. maaliskuuta, joka aiheutti lievän vuodon. Alus siirtyi Guamille korjattavaksi palaten Okinawalle 22. toukokuuta, jossa se oli aina 20. kesäkuuta tapahtuneeseen Leytelle lähtöönsä saakka. [3]

Alus ei tämän jälkeen enää osallistunut taistelutoimiin, mutta se saapui 27. elokuuta Tokion lahdella ja oli siellä edelleen Japanin antautuessa. Alus lähti 6. syyskuuta kotimaahan ja se saapui Norfolkin laivastontelakalle 16. lokakuuta. Alus poistettiin palveluksesta 3. heinäkuuta 1946 ja riisuttiin varusteista 16. syyskuuta. Alus myytiin romutettavaksi 24. marraskuuta 1947 Lipsett Inc.:lle ja saapui 12. joulukuuta Newarkiin romutettavaksi. [3]


IDAHO BB 42

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    New Mexico Class Battleship
    Keel Laid 20 January 1915 - Launched 30 June 1917

Naval Covers

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Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.

Postmarks

This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


Obsah

Kýl bol založený v lodeniciach New York Shipbuilding Compan v Camdene v štáte New Jersey januári 1915. Na vodu bola spustená 30. júna 1917 a US Navy si ju prevzala 24. marca 1919.

Pohon zabezpečovalo 9 kotlov Babcock & Wilcox , ktoré poháňali 4 turbíny ktoré na rozdiel od prvej jednotky New Mexico poháňali priamo štyri lodné skrutky s výsledným výkonom 27 500 ks, ktoré premieňali na maximálnu rýchlosť lode 21 u..

Bočný pancierový pás bol hrubý 279 – 203 mm. Paluba bola chránená 152,5 – 76,2 mm pásom. Hlavné delostrelectvo bolo uložené vo vežiach s hrúbkou panciera 457 – 228 mm sekundárne delostrelectvo malo pancierovanie 152 – 76 mm.

Hlavná výzbroj pozostávala z dvanástich diel kalibru 365 mm (14"/50 cal.) v štyroch trojhlavňových vežiach (dve vpredu, dve vzadu). Pomocnú výzbroj tvorilo 22 diel kalibru 127 mm (5"/51) uložených v kazematách po 11 na každej strane. V priebehu krátkeho času bolo odstránených 8 diel z najnižších kazemát, pretože sa táto pomocná výzbroj ukázala ako neefektívna (použiteľná len pri pokojnom mori). V tridsiatich rokoch bolo pridaných 8 x 127 mm (5"/25 cal.). Loď niesla dva 533 mm torpédomety.

13. apríla 1919 sa uskutočnili prvé tréningové plavby v zálive Guantanamo odtiaľ sa presunul k New Yorku, kde nalodil Prezidenta Brazílie Epitácio Pessoau na jeho ceste do Rio de Janeiro 6. júla. 17. júla sa už vrátila späť. Nato prešiel cez Panamský kanál do Monterey v Kalifornii a následne v septembri bola jednotka presunutá do stavu Pacifickej flotily. Zúčastnila sa cvičení a prehliadok včítane prehliadky flotily Prezidentom Woodrowom Wilsonom 13. septembra 1919. V roku 1920 viezol štátnych sekretárov (námorníctva a vnútra) Josephusa Danielsa a Franklina K. Lanea (Johna B. Paynea) na ich inšpekcii po Aliaške.

Po návrate z Aljašky 22. júla 1920 časť flotily manévrovala v oblasti Kalifornie a ďalej na juh pri Čile. Takéto intenzívne trénovanie pokračoval až do roku 1925 s krátkymi prestávkami. Napríklad v Seattly pozdravila Prezidenta Warrena Hardinga, krátko pred jeho smrťou v roku 1923.

Bojová loď sa od 15. apríla 1925 do 1. júla zúčastnila vojnových hier pri Havaji, načo navštívila Samou, Austráliu, a Nový Zéland. Z ciest sa vrátila 24. septembra 1925 a zakotila v San Franciscu v Kalifornii. Pričom na spiatočnej ceste stihla nalodiť Johna Rodgersa a jeho hydroplán po jeho pokuse preletu z USA na Havaj.

Nasledujúcich šesť rokov operovala Idaho zo základne San Pedro (Kalifornia), počas ktorých cvičila vpri pobreží Kalifornia a v Karibskom mori. 7. septembra 1931 vyplávala zo San Pedra a presunula sa na východné pobrežie USA.

30. septembra 1931 do 9. októbra 1934 podstúpila jednotka rozsiahlu (generálnu) prestavbu v lodeniciach Norfolk Navy Yard v Norfolku. Úpravy sa týkali pridania lepšieho pancieru, zosilnené boli aj podhladinové časti, kde boli pridané protitorpédové oddiely, lepšie strojné zariadenia, odstránené valcovité stožiare a prestavané nadstavby. To malo za následok zvýšenie výtlaku o 10 000 BRT a mierne rozšírenie plavidla. Po dokončení 9. októbra podstúpila konštrukčné skúšky v Karibiku, aby sa následne 17. apríla vrátila Idaho na svoju domovskú základňu San Pedro.

Po príchode do San Pedra sa venovala naďalej v cvičeniach a streľbách až do vypuknutia II. svetovej vojny v Európe načo sa presunula na Havaj ako časť bojovej flotily (1. jún 1940). Vzápätí však bola 6. júna prevelená na východné pobrežie do Atlantiku ako súčasť patrol USA. V septembri chránil Americkú predsunutú základňu na Islande s domovským prístavom vo fjorde Hvalfjordur. Až do 7. decembra 1941.

27. augusta 1945 bola súčasťou okupačných síl v Tokijskom zálive a 2. septembra bola pri podpise kapitulácie Japonska O štyri dni neskôr sa presunula Panamským kanálom na východné pobrežie do Norfolku, kde dorazila 19. októbra. Dňa 3. júla 1946 bola deaktivovaná a presunutá do zálohy. 24. novembra 1947 bola predaná do šrotu firme Lipsett, Incorporated, z New York City.


Armor Penetration with AP Mark 16

Range Side Armor Deck Armor Striking Velocity Angle of Fall
0 yards (0 m) (new gun) 28.03" (712 mm) --- 2,700 fps (823 mps) 0
0 yards (0 m) (avg. gun) 27.17" (690 mm) --- 2,625 fps (800 mps) 0
5,000 yards (4,572 m) 23.66" (601 mm) 0.48" (12 mm) 2,326 fps (709 mps) 2.36
10,000 yards (9,144 m) 20.12" (511 mm) 1.27" (32 mm) 2,040 fps (622 mps) 5.61
15,000 yards (13,716 m) 16.76" (426 mm) 2.13" (54 mm) 1,789 fps (545 mps) 10.23
20,000 yards (18,288 m) 13.75" (349 mm) 3.02" (77 mm) 1,588 fps (484 mps) 16.33
25,000 yards (22,860 m) 11.27" (286 mm) 4.05" (103 mm) 1,455 fps (443 mps) 24.08
30,000 yards (27,432 m) 9.29" (236 mm) 5.31" (135 mm) 1,390 fps (424 mps) 33.0
35,000 yards (32,004 m) 7.82" (199 mm) 6.97" (177 mm) 1,402 fps (427 mps) 42.5

This data is from "Battleships: United States Battleships 1935-1992" and is based upon the USN Empirical Armor Penetration formula.


World War II [ edit | edit source ]

USS Idaho (BB-42) shells Okinawa on 1 April 1945. She could easily be distinguished from her sister ships by her tower foremast and 5-inch 38-caliber Mk 30 (127-mm) single gun turrets (visible between the barrels of the forward main turrets and starboard side of the ship, one of them facing forward) Idaho was the only battleship with this configuration.

Idaho and sister ship Mississippi departed Iceland two days after Pearl Harbor to join the Pacific Fleet, and arrived at San Francisco, California, via Norfolk, Virginia, and the Panama Canal on 31 January 1942. She conducted additional battle exercises in California waters and out of Pearl Harbor until October 1942, when she entered Puget Sound Navy Yard to be regunned. The original secondary battery of 5 in (130 mm)/51 cal guns was removed to make room for anti-aircraft machine guns. ΐ] Upon completion of this work, Idaho again took part in battle exercises, and sailed on 7 April 1943 for operations in the Aleutian Islands. There she was flagship of the bombardment and patrol force around Attu, where she gave gunfire support to the United States Army landings on 11 May. During the months that followed, she concentrated on Kiska, culminating in an assault on 15 August. The Japanese were found to have evacuated the island in late July, thus abandoning their last foothold in the Aleutians.

Idaho returned to San Francisco on 7 September to prepare for the invasion of the Gilbert Islands. Moving to Pearl Harbor, she got underway with the assault fleet on 10 November and arrived off Makin Atoll on 20 November. She supported the fighting ashore with accurate gunfire support and antiaircraft fire, remaining in the Gilberts until sailing for Pearl Harbor on 5 December.

Next on the Pacific timetable was the invasion of the Marshall Islands, and the veteran battleship arrived off Kwajalein early on 31 January 1944 to soften up shore positions. Again, she hurled tons of shells into Japanese positions until 5 February, when the outcome was one of certain victory. After replenishing at Majuro, she bombarded other islands in the group, then moved to Kavieng, New Ireland for a diversionary bombardment on 20 March.

Idaho bombarding Okinawa in 1945.

Idaho returned to the New Hebrides on 25 March, and after a short stay in Australia arrived Kwajalein with a group of escort carriers on 8 June. From there, the ships steamed to the Marianas, where Idaho began a pre-invasion bombardment of Saipan on 14 June. With the landing assault underway on 15 June, the battleship moved to Guam for bombardment assignments. As the American fleet destroyed Japanese carrier air power in the Battle of the Philippine Sea from 19–21 June, Idaho protected the precious transport area and reserve convoys. After returning to Eniwetok from 28 June to 9 July, the ship began preinvasion bombardment of Guam on 12 July, and continued the devastating shelling until the main assault eight days later. As ground troops battled for the island, Idaho stood offshore providing vital support until anchoring at Eniwetok on 2 August.

The ship continued to Espiritu Santo and entered a floating dry dock on 15 August for repairs to her "blisters". After landing rehearsals on Guadalcanal in early September, Idaho moved to Peleliu on 12 September and began bombarding the island, needed as a staging base for the invasion of the Philippines. Despite the furious bombardment, Japanese entrenchments gave assault forces stiff opposition, and the battleship remained off Peleliu until 24 September providing the all-important fire support for advancing Marines. She then sailed for Manus and eventually to Bremerton, Washington, where she arrived for needed repairs on 22 October. The 5 in (130 mm)/25 cal guns were replaced by 10 5 in (130 mm)/38 cal guns in single enclosed mounts (she was the only ship of her class to receive this modification). ΐ] This was followed by battle practice off California.

Idaho' ' s mighty guns were needed for the next giant amphibious assault on the way to Japan. She sailed from San Diego on 20 January 1945 to join a battleship group at Pearl Harbor. After rehearsals, she steamed from the Marianas on 14 February for the invasion of Iwo Jima. As Marines stormed ashore on 19 February, Idaho was again blasting enemy positions with her big guns, and fired star shells at night to illuminate the battlefield. She remained off Iwo Jima until 7 March, when she underway for Ulithi and the last of the great Pacific assaults – Okinawa.

Idaho sailed on 21 March as part of Rear Admiral Deyo's Gunfire and Covering Group and flagship of Bombardment Unit 4. She arrived offshore on 25 March and began silencing enemy shore batteries and pounding installations. The landings began on 1 April, and as the Japanese made a desperate attempt to drive the vast fleet away with kamikaze attacks, Idaho ' s gunners shot down numerous planes. In a massed attack on 12 April, the battleship shot down five kamikazes before suffering damage to her port blisters from a near-miss. After temporary repairs, she sailed 20 April and arrived at Guam five days later.

The veteran of so many of the landings of the Pacific quickly completed repairs and returned to Okinawa on 22 May to resume fire support. Idaho remained until 20 June, then sailed for battle maneuvers in Leyte Gulf until hostilities ceased on 15 August.

Idaho made her triumphal entry into Tokyo Bay with occupation troops on 27 August, and was anchored there during the signing of the surrender onboard the Missouri on 2 September. Four days later she began the long voyage to the East Coast of the United States, steaming via the Panama Canal to arrive at Norfolk on 16 October. She decommissioned on 3 July 1946 and was placed in reserve until sold for scrap on 24 November 1947 to Lipsett, Incorporated, of New York City.


The Idaho‘s predecessor had a storied career

This submarine is not the first U.S. Navy vessel to be named the Idaho, however, as the name dates back to a WWI-era New Mexico-class battleship the USS Idaho (BB-42). That USS Idaho battleship displaced over 30,000 tons and carried twelve 14 inch guns.

The USS Idaho dressed with flags during the Naval Review off New York City, October 1912. (Photo Credit: Bureau of Ships Collection / U.S. National Archives, #19-N-62-2-1)

This ship, known as “The Big Spud,” had an incredible career, being completed during WWI and accepted into service in 1919. She spent much of the peaceful 1920s and 󈧢s participating in training, ceremonies, and exercises in the Pacific Fleet, and on a few occasions transported notable historical figures like the president of Brazil.

When WWII began in Europe, President Franklin D. Roosevelt began moving warships to protect U.S. supply ships heading for Europe. The Idaho was moved from the Pacific and provided support to shipping during the Battle of the Atlantic. It was during this time when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Luckily for the Idaho, she was stationed in Hvalfjörður, Iceland, when the attacks occurred.

With the U.S. now an active participant in the war, the Idaho rejoined the Pacific fleet and had her worn-out main guns replaced. The Idaho would spend the rest of the war assisting the island-hopping campaign in the Pacific, providing days-long naval bombardments of Japanese-held islands before U.S. troops would assault them. She also acted as an anti-aircraft platform to protect U.S. forces.

During the war, the Idaho provided fire support on the Gilbert and Marshall Islands, the Philippines campaign, and the islands of Peleliu, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. During the Battle of Okinawa, she shot down five kamikaze aircraft during a massed attack, but suffered a near miss from one, forcing her to undergo repairs before returning to the island and continuing her shelling.

After the Japanese surrender, the Idaho was docked in Tokyo Bay and witnessed the signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. Just two years later, she would be cut up for scrap.

The new USS Idaho will operate silently below the waves instead, with her pump-jet pushing her along instead of a traditional propeller, to reduce the noise emitted from the vessel. Richard Colburn, the chairman of the USS Idaho Commissioning Committee, is currently raising money to fund the 2023 commissioning ceremony and hopes to make quality of life improvements for the crew.

Colburn says, “When you step on the submarine, we want it to look like Idaho and we want them to take part of Idaho with them.”


Timeline to Justice

A war story of survival in shark-infested waters, told vividly by the character Quint in the movie Jaws, inspired a seventh-grade student to restore honor to the captain and crew of the USS Indianapolis.

With perhaps greater reverence than many of my 12-year-old peers, I appreciate this opportunity to write about what has grown from a school history project into a mission. My quest has allowed me to be associated with individuals who fought so that all Americans could live in the greatest democracy the world has ever known. Throughout this journey, I have learned the great price of freedom, the meaning of honor, valor, and supreme sacrifice in the line of duty, and the fact that democracy is a treasure so valued that men and women are willing to give their lives in its pursuit.

For that reason, I have urged the introduction of a bill before Congress (H.R. 3710) to correct an injustice done 53 years ago. I pray that the men and women who gave their lives are looking down on what I am doing, knowing their sacrifice was not in vain. I am proud and honored to bring to the attention of Naval History readers again the case of Captain Charles B. McVay III and the crew of the USS Indianapolis (CA-35).

President Abraham Lincoln once said: "The probability that we may fail in the struggle ought not to deter us from the support of a cause we believe to be just." I began such a "struggle" when I was 11 years old, for the "just cause" of restoring honor to Captain McVay and gaining a Presidential Unit Citation for the Indianapolis and her crew.

My dad tells me that "the true test of your character is what it takes to make you quit." The men of the Indianapolis and their captain did not quit in their quest to bring a hasty end to World War II. After making a record-setting run to the island of Tinian for delivery of components for the first atomic bomb, the ship was torpedoed, sinking in just 12 minutes. Of her 1,196 men, 850 to 950 made it off the ship and into the water, where they spent five nights and four days surrounded by sharks and death, while those responsible for their safety did not notice that the ship was missing. An accidental spotting of the survivors saved the lives of 316 crew members, 150 of whom are still with us today. Now, more than a half-century after this tragedy, we must not forget these men, and we must not quit in our effort to set the historical record straight.

Based on my research, the following timeline tells the story of the final days of the Indianapolis.


USS Idaha BB-42 - History

My dad, Henry "Hank" Koziatek, served on the USS Idaho, I believe that he is 4th from the right in the first row of the men seated in this photo (showing below). Do you know if the names of the sailors in this photo are listed anywhere? Any info is appreciated, and than you for all of your posts, photos and information.

I am the grandson of John Carl Wynn who served on board the USS Idaho. I recently acquired some information that may be helpful for everyone. Thanks for keeping the men and memories alive!

Thank You,
John S. Dunlap
Biloxi, Mississippi

John Carl Wynn who served on the USS Idaho during WWII.

Enlisted 1/13/42 as USNR for three years and placed on active duty immediately.

Date reported to USS Idaho 2/25/42

Crossed Equator 11/15/43 bound south

1/12/45 Enlistment normally would have expired this date. Is extended for a period of not longer than six month (6) months after the termination of war, in accordance with Alnav 155-41. G.H. Juergens, Ship's clerk USN

While attached to and serving on board the U.S.S. Idaho (BB-42), participated in the following operations:

* 5/11/43 to 5/15/43 Bombardment and capture of Attu Island in the Aleutians (Naku? Island)

8/15/43 to 8/16/43 Bombardment and capture of Kiska Island

* 11/20/43 to 11/23/43 Bombardment and capture of Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands

* 1/31/44 to 2/5/44 Bombardment and capture of Kwajalein Island in the Marshall Group

2/20/44 to 2/21/44 Bombardment of Maloelap and Wotje Atolls in the Marshall Islands

3/20/44 Bombardment of Caving in the Bismarck Archipelago

* 6/14/44 to 6/15/44 Bombardment and capture of Saipan Island in the Marianas Group

6/16/44 Bombardment of Guam

7/12/44 o 7/26/44 Bombardment ad capture of Guam in the Marianas Group

* 9/12/44 to 9/20/44 Bombardment and capture of Palau Islands in the Western Carolines

* 2/16/45 to 3/7/45 Bombardment and capture of Iwo Jima Island in the Volcano Group

* 3/16/45 to 6/20/45 Bombardment and capture of Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyus Group

(*) Operation for which one star is authorized


Participated in the surrender of Japan in the Tokyo Bay area on 2 September 1945 on board the USS Idaho, a unit of the third fleet.

9/21/45 transferred this day to the staging center, Pearl Harbor, FFT

Interviewed and does not desire to reenlist in the regular Navy.

9/15/45 has 49 points computed in accordance with ALNAV 252-45

Serving outside continental limits of the U.S. on 3/20/44

Completed 3 years 8 months and 13 days

Asiatic-Pacific Area Campaign Ribbon

American Area Campaign Ribbon

My father served on the USS Idaho (BB-42) from 1935-1937 as a MM2c. His service effects were lost during a move in the 1950's. Due to his service I've always had a special interest in Idaho and recently had the opportunity to acquire the bronze plaque shown below. It is 20" in diameter and weighs 45 lbs. Presumably it was mounted somewhere on board Idaho throughout its service life, but so far the effort to find someone who recalls it or has a photo taken on board Idaho which includes it have come to naught. Any information would be appreciated.

My dad was a crew member on the Spud but the years and dates of his service are unknown. He was at 4th annual reunion in Norfolk, Va July 23,1961. I have that group picture of about 60 shipmates. Dad passed away in 1971. He was a Mustang Lt.JG James J. Vento. (Jimmy or JJ).

Steve Vento
Olympia, Washington

I found this website while doing some research on one of the ships my husband's grandfather was stationed on. I have not had much luck finding information about his naval service, in my genealogy research, and other than talking about how much he loved flying, he did not talk much about the service at all. We do know that he served on the USS Idaho right after graduating from the Naval Academy, which would put him beginning his service on the Idaho around 1943/44. He would soon be transferred to the Rosie, if I remember right, around 1945. His name was Gordon Willis, from Roanoke, VA. Any information or photographs anyone may have would be very appreciated. Thank you so much!

Michele Hancock
Roanoke, Virginia

My father, Al Smith, was aboard the Idaho 1943/44. He went to a few Reunions prior to his passing in 1998. He had some great stories and I have a diary book that his shipmate Joseph L. Levicki put together and presented to him in 1995 and has some great short stories in it.

My father was on USS Idaho, his name was Joseph Pascucci, he was of the "Pea Shooter" group. The photo below shows him at the top of the group by himself. Your website is great, its nice to honor all the servicemen who fought in World War II. My father passed away some years ago. I wish I had asked him many more questions.

Thanks,
Linda Annicelle
Connecticut

I am the youngest daughter of 2nd class seaman, Charles Albert Farmer. I am looking for anyone who may have known my father around 1942-43. He did not serve long based on military records. He was discharged for bad conduct, drunkenness and back then missed his ship and was AWOL. Listed him as a straggler. In old days that would be considered a deserter. I recently acquired my fathers military records and have discovered this skeleton in the closet. My father never told me about his Navy time. So was wondering if anyone out there alive knows of him and any stories to share would be greatly appreciated. My father passed away 1994, I wish I had taken the time to ask him more questions about his life and my grandparents.

I recently stumbled upon your website while doing a bit of research on my grandfather's battleship and was delighted to see what I think is his smiling face in the large group photo of U.S.S. Idaho crewmen posted by Mike Swift. I can't be sure that it's him without being able to enlarge the photo, but I believe that my grandfather, Richard Thomas "Dickie" Doane, may be the 10th sailor from the right in the top row.

I grew up listening to grandpa Dickie's stories of his time on board the Idaho, which he always said were the best time of his life. He passed away just this past month (May 1, 2009), and my grandmother, June Elizabeth Tompkins Doane, who was a WAVE in the U.S. Navy when she met my grandfather, passed away just one month later (May 31, 2009). I will miss them both immensely and always remember their heroic service to their country in time of war.

Very best regards,
Paul Doane
Camas, Washington

I was sent the link to the MaritimeQuest website in regard to a post from a family member that served on the USS Idaho. I just wanted to let you know of www.ussidaho.com , a tribute site to the men who served on the USS Idaho. You may add a link to your site if you wish.

My dad was on the Idaho in the 43-44&rsquo time frame. I have an old picture I can scan (and repair) of his group. He was a boatswain&rsquos mate, there are several sailors in the picture and may be of interest to someone.

Crewmen on the USS Idaho BB-42 in 1943-1944.

My father, Herbert H. Baker, served on the Idaho during WWII. While in the Navy, he reached the rank of Lieutenant JG. I believe that he worked with radar (a new thing back then) in the Navy. He died many years ago (1973) in my youth.

Now, as I have grown older and more appreciated of history, I wish I could have asked him all about his service on the Idaho. I do recall him mentioning a Kamikaze attack that damaged the the bow of the ship. BTW, the Wikipedia write up on the BB42 is good reading.


USS Idaha BB-42 - History

USS Idaho , a 32,000-ton New Mexico class battleship, was built at Camden, New Jersey. Commissioned in March 1919, she steamed to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in July and then transited the Panama Canal to the Pacific, where she was based for the next dozen years. During that time, Idaho took part in the Battle Fleet's routine of drills and exercises, which extended from the Caribbean to Hawaii and as far south as Chile. She also cruised to Alaskan waters in 1920 and to New Zealand and Australia in 1925. In September 1931, the battleship entered the Norfolk Navy Yard for extensive reconstruction.

Emerging from the shipyard in October 1934, Idaho 's appearance had been transformed. Gone were the "cage" masts that were such a distinguishing feature of American battleships of her era, now replaced with a tower superstructure supporting up-to-date gunfire controls. As one of the Battle Fleet's most modern units, Idaho returned to the Pacific in 1935 to again take up her peacetime work of preparing for possible combat.

With World War II raging in Europe, Idaho was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet in June 1941. Based in Iceland during much of the rest of that year, she helped cover convoys against the threat of German raiders during a period of "undeclared war". Following the devastating 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, she was sent back to the Pacific, arriving in January 1942. For the next year, Idaho operated along the U.S. west coast and in the Hawaiian area. In April 1943, she went north to the Aleutians, where she supported the landings at Attu in May and Kiska in August.

Idaho next joined the drive across the Central Pacific, taking part in the Makin landing in November 1943, the Kwajalain invasion in February 1944, a bombardment of New Ireland in March, the Marianas operation in June and July, and the assault on the Palaus in September. Following an overhaul, she returned to the combat zone in time to provide heavy gunfire support for the February 1945 invasion of Iwo Jima. Idaho 's 14" guns were again active bombarding Okinawa from late March into May 1945. While off Okinawa, she was damaged by a "Kamikaze" on 12 April, but returned to action after brief repairs.

The end of the Pacific War in August 1945 found Idaho preparing for the invasion of Japan. She was present in Tokyo Bay when Japan formally surrendered on 2 September, and shortly thereafter steamed back across the Pacific and through the Panama Canal, arriving at Norfolk, Virginia, in mid-October. Generally inactive from then on, USS Idaho was decommissioned in July 1946 and sold to a scrapper in November 1947.

This page features, and provides links to, selected views concerning USS Idaho (BB-42).

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

Underway in about 1920.
Note semaphore signalman atop her second turret.

Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 96KB 740 x 480 pixels

USS Idaho (BB-42) (foreground)
and
USS Texas (BB-35)

Steaming at the rear of the battle line, during Battle Fleet practice off the California coast, circa 1930.
Idaho 's four triple 14"/50 gun turrets are trained on the starboard beam.

Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 93KB 595 x 765 pixels

Photographed in 1934, following modernization.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 66KB 740 x 445 pixels

Underway at sea, circa the mid-1930s.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.

Online Image: 87KB 740 x 525 pixels

Anchored in Hvaeldefjord, Iceland, October 1941.

Collection of Vice Admiral Robert C. Giffen, USN.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 79KB 740 x 605 pixels

Bombarding Iwo Jima, circa late February 1945.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 72KB 740 x 595 pixels

Bombarding Okinawa with her 14"/50 main battery guns, 1 April 1945.
Photographed from USS West Virginia (BB-48).

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Online Image: 86KB 740 x 605 pixels

Reproductions of this image may also be available through the National Archives photographic reproduction system.

Fires the 14"/50 guns of Turret Three at nearly point-blank range, during the bombardment of Okinawa, 1 April 1945.
Photographed from USS West Virginia (BB-48).

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Online Image: 81KB 585 x 765 pixels

Reproductions of this image may also be available through the National Archives photographic reproduction system.

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Page made 19 September 2000
New images added and page divided 20 December 2009