31 May 1940

31 May 1940

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Sixth day of Operation Dynamo, the evacuation from Dunkirk. 68,014 men reach Britain.

The War at Sea, 1939-1945, Volume I: The Defensive, S. W. Roskill. This first volume in the British official history of the war at sea covers the period from the outbreak of the war through to the first British disasters in the Pacific in December 1941. Amongst other topics it covers the Norwegian campaign, the evacuation from Dunkirk and the first two years of the Battle of the Atlantic. The text is meticulously researched, and is rooted in a detailed study of wartime records, both British and German. [see more]

31. Infanterie-Division May 1940

Post by Koen n » 27 Jul 2011, 11:33

Does anyone have the 31. Infanterie-Division war dairy's? Or any book about the Division in May 1940.
For a short study I need the exact route from 16 to 19 may 1940. The unit possibly past through my birth town of Halle. Can somebody tell my of the city of Halle or Hal is mentioned in the divisions history.

Re: 31. Infanterie-Division May 1940

Post by Christoph Awender » 27 Jul 2011, 13:26

I. and II./I.R.82 of the 31.Inf.Div. passed the area of Hal during this time. On may 18th the I./82 crosses the Senne at Hal near the railway station and moves into the mainly destroyed Hal and secures the town.
Here they capture a british supply truck. Rejecting attakc by french troops and capture the first black enemy soldiers.

Re: 31. Infanterie-Division May 1940

Post by Koen n » 27 Jul 2011, 14:11

Christoph Awender wrote: Hello Koen,

I. and II./I.R.82 of the 31.Inf.Div. passed the area of Hal during this time. On may 18th the I./82 crosses the Senne at Hal near the railway station and moves into the mainly destroyed Hal and secures the town.
Here they capture a british supply truck. Rejecting attakc by french troops and capture the first black enemy soldiers.

Do you have more information about the 31. ID at Halle? All information is welcome.
Can you tell me what source you used to find this information?

On May 17th the British troops at Hal fought a cyclist patrol of 15 men strong near the canal at Hal. The Germans lost 5 men, 3 dead 2 wounded. Can somebody tell me more about this encounter?

Re: 31. Infanterie-Division May 1940

Post by Ypenburg » 27 Jul 2011, 19:28

The history of IR12 doesn't mention anything, the history of IR82 mentions that the canal- and riverparts both sides of Halle are accupied by strong English forces. There is shooting going on all night. When they attack in the morning of 18.5.40 the founf Halle free of Brits. Civillians tell them the Brits left about 1 hour before the attack. Casualties IR82 not mentioned. Verlustliste 31.ID mention 1 KIA, 14 WIA, 5 MIA on 17.5.1940, 1KIA, 8 WIA, 3 Krank on 18.5.1940. The Division didn't loose any weapons between 16.5 and 21.5. There is no KTB with an "hour to hour" detailed report from the Abteilung Ia so no info there. The "ersten französischen Soldaten mit schwarzer Hautfarbe" Christoph mentionned were (according to the history of IR82) from Marocco.

My gues is the cyclist were troops from II./IR82, since at that time it was the "Spitzen-Bataillon" and it seems 7./IR82 had the first coloured POW.

Re: 31. Infanterie-Division May 1940

Post by Koen n » 27 Jul 2011, 20:04

I have the War Dairy of the British unit who fought the IR82. It mentions taking German POW after a failed attempt crossing the Hal canal. The wounded and one dead were brought to the city of Hal. Their weapons, ammunition and papers where given to the military police. One of the dead was an officer.
Does the history of the Infanterie Regiment mention taking British POW?
The coloured soldiers where soldiers from the 2nd North African Division.

If its possible can you send me an copy of the source where you get your information from.

UPI Almanac for Monday, May 31, 2021

Today is Monday, May 31, the 151st day of 2021 with 214 to follow.

Today is Memorial Day in the United States.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Mars, Mercury and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Genghis Khan, leader of the Mongol Empire, in 1162 poet Walt Whitman in 1819 surgeon William Mayo, founder of the Mayo Clinic, in 1819 Pope Pius XI in 1857 radio humorist Fred Allen in 1894 actor Don Ameche in 1908 artist Ellsworth Kelly in 1923 Prince Rainier of Monaco in 1923 actor/director Clint Eastwood in 1930 (age 91) folk singer Peter Yarrow in 1938 (age 83) country singer Johnny Paycheck in 1938 British human rights activist Terry Waite in 1939 (age 82) actor Sharon Gless in 1943 (age 78) football Hall of Fame member Joe Namath in 1943 (age 78) British rock musician John Bonham in 1948 actor Tom Berenger in 1949 (age 72) actor Gregory Harrison in 1950 (age 71) comedian/actor/writer Chris Elliott in 1960 (age 61) actor Lea Thompson in 1961 (age 60) Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán in 1963 (age 58) actor/model Brooke Shields in 1965 (age 56) actor Archie Panjabi in 1972 (age 49) actor Colin Farrell in 1976 (age 45) actor Eric Christian Olsen in 1977 (age 44) actor Yael Grobglas in 1984 (age 37) rapper Waka Flocka Flame, born Juaquin James Malphurs, in 1986 (age 35) rapper Azealia Banks in 1991 (age 30) singer Normani Hamilton in 1996 (age 25).

In 1790, President George Washington signed a bill creating the first U.S. copyright law.

In 1859, construction concluded and bells rang out for the first time from London's Big Ben clock tower.

In 1889, a flood in Johnstown, Pa., left more than 2,200 people dead.

In 1902, Britain and South Africa signed a peace treaty ending the Boer War.

In 1916, the Battle of Verdun passed the 100-day mark. It would continue for another 200 days, amassing a casualty list of an estimated 800,000 soldiers dead, injured or missing.

In 1921, the Tulsa race massacre was set off when a mob of White residents attacked the Black residents and businesses in the Greenwood District. The total number of those killed in the violence is unknown, with an Oklahoma commission established in 2001 estimating between 75 to 100 people dead. The number of displaced Black residents was far greater.

In 1940, a thick fog hanging over the English Channel prevented the German Luftwaffe from flying missions against evacuating Allied troops from Dunkirk.

In 1985, seven federally insured banks in Arkansas, Minnesota, Nebraska and Oregon were closed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. It was a single-day record for closings since the FDIC was founded in 1934.

In 1996, Israeli voters elected opposition Likud Party leader Benjamin Netanyahu as prime minister.

In 2003, Eric Robert Rudolph, the long-sought fugitive in the 1996 Atlanta Olympics bombing and attacks on abortion clinics and a gay nightclub, was arrested while rummaging through a dumpster in North Carolina. Rudolph, whose bombings killed two people and injured many others, was sentenced to four life terms in prison.

In 2005, Mark Felt admitted that, while No. 2 man in the FBI, he was "Deep Throat," the shadowy contact whose help to Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein on the 1972 Watergate break-in led to U.S. President Richard Nixon's resignation.

In 2012, John Edwards of North Carolina, former U.S. senator and presidential candidate, was acquitted on a charge of taking illegal campaign contributions, and a judge declared a mistrial on five other charges against him.

In 2014, U.S. Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, 28, captured in Afghanistan nearly five years earlier, was released by the Taliban in exchange for five detainees held at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba. In March 2015, the Army announced that Bergdahl had been charged with desertion.

In 2019, a shooting a a Virginia Beach, Va., municipal center left 12 victims and the shooter -- a disgruntled former employee -- dead.

In 2020, Pope Francis blessed a smattering of faithful from his apartment window in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City for the first time since a COVID-19 lockdown in Italy.

A thought for the day: "A child born to a black mother in a state like Mississippi has exactly the same rights as a white baby born to the wealthiest person in the United States. It's not true, but I challenge anyone to say it is not a goal worth working for." -- Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall

Tulsa Race Massacre begins

Beginning on the night of May 31, 1921, thousands of white citizens in Tulsa, Oklahoma descended on the city’s predominantly Black Greenwood District, burning homes and businesses to the ground and killing hundreds of people. Long mischaracterized as a race riot, rather than mass murder, the Tulsa Race Massacre stands as one of the worst incidents of racial violence in the nation’s history.

In the years following World War I, segregation was the law of the land, and the Ku Klux Klan was gaining ground—not only in the Jim Crow South, but across the United States. Amid that charged environment, Tulsa’s African American community was nationally recognized for its affluence. The Greenwood District, known as 𠇋lack Wall Street,” boasted more than 300 Black-owned businesses, including two movie theaters, doctors’ offices and pharmacies.

LISTEN:਋lindspot: Tulsa Burningਏrom The HISTORY® Channel and WNYC Studios

On May 30, 1921, a young Black man named Dick Rowland entered an elevator in an office building in downtown Tulsa. At some point, Rowland was alone in the elevator with its white operator, Sarah Page. It’s unclear what happened next (one common version is that Rowland stepped on Page’s foot) but Page screamed, and Rowland fled the scene. The next day, the police arrested him.

Rumors about the incident spread quickly through Tulsa’s white community, some members of which undoubtedly resented the prosperity of the Greenwood District. After a story published in the Tulsa Tribune on the afternoon of May 31 claimed that Rowland had attempted to rape Page, an angry white mob gathered in front of the courthouse, demanding that Rowland be handed over.

Seeking to prevent a lynching, a group of some 75 Black men arrived on the scene that night, some of them World War I veterans who were carrying weapons. After a white man tried to disarm a Black veteran and the gun went off, chaos broke out.

Over the next 24 hours, thousands of white rioters poured into the Greenwood District, shooting unarmed Black citizens in the streets and burning an area of some 35 city blocks, including more than 1,200 Black-owned houses, numerous businesses, a school, a hospital and a dozen churches. Historians believe as many as 300 people were killed in the rampage, though official counts at the time were much lower.

By the time Governor James Robertson declared martial law, and National Guard troops arrived in Tulsa by noon on June 1, the Greenwood District lay in ruins. Survivors of the massacre worked to rebuild the neighborhood, but segregation remained in force in Tulsa (and the nation) and racial tensions only grew, even as the massacre and its lingering scars were left largely unacknowledged by the white community for decades to come.

In 1997, the Oklahoma state legislature created the Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 (later renamed the Tulsa Race Massacre Commission), which studied the massacre and recommended that reparations be paid to the remaining Black survivors. City officials continue to investigate the events of May 31-June 1, 1921, and to search for unmarked graves used to bury the massacre’s many victims. 

May 29th, 1940 is a Wednesday. It is the 150th day of the year, and in the 22nd week of the year (assuming each week starts on a Monday), or the 2nd quarter of the year. There are 31 days in this month. 1940 is a leap year, so there are 366 days in this year. The short form for this date used in the United States is 5/29/1940, and almost everywhere else in the world it's 29/5/1940.

This site provides an online date calculator to help you find the difference in the number of days between any two calendar dates. Simply enter the start and end date to calculate the duration of any event. You can also use this tool to determine how many days have passed since your birthday, or measure the amount of time until your baby's due date. The calculations use the Gregorian calendar, which was created in 1582 and later adopted in 1752 by Britain and the eastern part of what is now the United States. For best results, use dates after 1752 or verify any data if you are doing genealogy research. Historical calendars have many variations, including the ancient Roman calendar and the Julian calendar. Leap years are used to match the calendar year with the astronomical year. If you're trying to figure out the date that occurs in X days from today, switch to the Days From Now calculator instead.

On May 31, 1921: A race riot erupted in Tulsa, Oklahoma, as white mobs began looting and leveling the affluent Black district of Greenwood over reports a Black man had assaulted a white woman in an elevator hundreds are believed to have died.

In 1578: The Christian catacombs of ancient Rome were accidentally discovered by workers digging in a vineyard along the Via Salaria.

In 1790: President George Washington signed into law the first U.S. copyright act.

In 1859: The Big Ben clock tower in London went into operation, chiming for the first time.

In 1889: Some 2,200 people in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, perished when the South Fork Dam collapsed, sending 20 million tons of water rushing through the town.

In 1935: Movie studio 20th Century Fox was created through a merger of the Fox Film Corp. and Twentieth Century Pictures.

In 1962: Former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann was hanged in Israel a few minutes before midnight for his role in the Holocaust.

In 1970: Magnitude 7.9 earthquake in Peru claimed an estimated 67,000 lives.

In 1977: The Trans-Alaska oil pipeline, three years in the making despite objections from environmentalists and Alaska Natives, was completed. (The first oil began flowing through the pipeline 20 days later.)

In 1989: House Speaker Jim Wright, dogged by questions about his ethics, announced he would resign. (Tom Foley later succeeded him.)

In 2009: Dr. George Tiller, a rare provider of late-term abortions, was shot and killed in a Wichita, Kansas, church. (Gunman Scott Roeder was later convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison with no possibility of parole for 50 years.) Millvina Dean, the last survivor of the 1912 sinking of the RMS Titanic, died in Southampton, England at 97.

In 2014: Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, the only American soldier held prisoner in Afghanistan, was freed by the Taliban in exchange for five Afghan detainees from the U.S. prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. (Bergdahl, who'd gone missing in June 2009, later pleaded guilty to endangering his comrades by walking away from his post in Afghanistan his sentence included a dishonorable discharge, a reduction in rank and a fine, but no prison time.)

In 2019: A longtime city employee opened fire in a municipal building in Virginia Beach, Virginia, killing 12 people on three floors before police shot and killed him officials said DeWayne Craddock had resigned by email hours before the shooting.

Ten years ago: Angered by civilian casualties, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he would no longer allow NATO airstrikes on houses. Former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic was placed in a U.N. detention unit in the Netherlands to await trial on genocide charges.

Five years ago: A jury found former suburban Chicago police officer Drew Peterson guilty of trying to hire someone to kill the prosecutor who helped to convict him in the killing of his third wife, Kathleen Savio.

31 May 1940 - History

jso2897: Wait - what about rum, sodomy, and the lash?

That was the Navy lads. The Army guys got gin and sodomy on the veranda.

jso2897: Wait - what about rum, sodomy, and the lash?

I love their 70s hit. I'm glad it was included in "Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3".

ThatGuyFromTheInternet: Man, English cooking is farked up.

Would you like some marmite in your fish stew?

Post-ww2 western society : we must put warning labels on everything and kids shouldnt play outside because they might get hurt.

Everything in western society is based on ''being hurt is bad therefore we'll do anything to not get hurt no matter what''. and thats why we let China do their genocide without any consequences, we let North Korea starve and kill their own people, let Assad ruin the lives of his entire country for more than a decade, let Putin run Russia like its own private whorehouse and basically do acts of war against every single nato country in the last decade without any real consequence let Maduro literally starve his people to death. pathetic.

Post-ww2 western world : sacrifice is bad because it hurts and sacrificing for other people is unthinkable (just look at all those freedumz anti-maskers).

In England drunkenness is taken for granted.

lolmao500: <lots of irrelevant words>

Was there a point to all of that that was related in any way to the actual topic, or did you suffer a stroke?

lolmao500: Post-ww2 western society : we must put warning labels on everything and kids shouldnt play outside because they might get hurt.

Everything in western society is based on ''being hurt is bad therefore we'll do anything to not get hurt no matter what''. and thats why we let China do their genocide without any consequences, we let North Korea starve and kill their own people, let Assad ruin the lives of his entire country for more than a decade, let Putin run Russia like its own private whorehouse and basically do acts of war against every single nato country in the last decade without any real consequence let Maduro literally starve his people to death. pathetic.

Post-ww2 western world : sacrifice is bad because it hurts and sacrificing for other people is unthinkable (just look at all those freedumz anti-maskers).

As a Gen-Xer I can say my parents ordered meto go outside and play (b/c Atari was a lot of fun) just come back when the streetlights turn on. And this was Long Island in the 1980s - a far more crime-ridden society than almost anywhere in the US today.

So far as Putin and Assad are concerned, for the former I would ask "would a shooting war with Russia be worse?" and the latter, "Can we intervene without making things worse, ala. North Korea?" I don't believe there are simple answers to these questions.

On May 31, 1930, Henry Argo, a 19-year-old Black man, was lynched after a mob of over 1,000 white men and boys as young as 12 stormed the Grady County jail in Chickasha, Oklahoma. He was shot in the head and stabbed by members of the mob, despite the presence of the National Guard who were ordered to protect him.

Mr. Argo had been accused of assaulting a white woman. During this era, race—rather than guilt—made African Americans vulnerable to indiscriminate suspicion and false accusation after a reported crime, even when there was no evidence tying them to the alleged offense. Almost 25% of all lynchings involved allegations of inappropriate behavior between a Black man and a white woman that was characterized as "assault" or "sexual assault." Any action by a Black man that could be interpreted as seeking or desiring contact with a white woman might prove deadly and the mere accusation of sexual impropriety by a Black man with a white woman regularly aroused violent mobs and ended in lynching. Throughout the lynching era, Black men were lynched for delivering a letter to a white woman, or for entering a room where white women were sitting. Allegations against Black people were rarely subject to scrutiny.

Here, the mob of white people was led by a white man named George Skinner, who had accused Mr. Argo of assaulting his wife. The mob assembled late the night before, on May 30, after Mr. Argo had been arrested and taken into custody. They attempted to use sledgehammers and battering rams to break into the jail and kill Mr. Argo. The National Guard was then deployed to protect Mr. Argo, but they failed.

The mob shot at the Guardsmen, and also attempted to set fire to the jail dozens of times. The National Guard deployed tear gas to diffuse the crowds, but the fumes were so strong that they also allegedly drove away members of the Guard who had sworn to protect Mr. Argo, granting the mob, who was apparently unfazed by the tear gas, access to the jail. Members of the mob broke into the jail house and one of them shot Mr. Argo in the head.

Mr. Argo survived this initial round of violence, but he was kept in the jail even after suffering a gunshot wound to the head. Despite having succumbed to an attack by a mob, after order was restored from this initial attack, the jail soon began allowing in visitors, including Mr. Skinner, the leader of the mob, to visit Mr. Argo. Mr. Skinner stabbed Mr. Argo, who was then rushed to the hospital and died shortly thereafter. Mr. Skinner and three other men were arrested but were immediately released without bond.

At the peak of racial terror lynchings in this country, it was not uncommon for lynch mobs to seize their victims from jails, prisons, courtrooms, or out of the hands of guards like in this case. Though they were armed and charged with protecting the men and women in their custody, police and other officials almost never used force to resist white lynch mobs intent on killing Black people. In some cases, police officials were even found to be complicit or active participants in lynchings.

Henry Argo was one of at least 75 documented victims of racial terror lynching that took place in Oklahoma between 1877 and 1950, and was one among more than 6,500 victims of racial terror lynching that EJI has documented between 1865 and 1950. To learn more, explore EJI’s reports, Lynching in America and Reconstruction in America.

Music History 1940s

Then the only available solution before the music industry was to replace the base material. Hence in order to revive this situation an alternative was discovered from a plastic resin derivative of petroleum known as vinyl. It was decided that all future records would be made on vinyl thus marking the beginning of the vinyl years.

There was only progress and development in the field of music after the introduction of vinyl record. From the installation of the first secret recording device to the setting up Top-40, the forties indeed demonstrated the ability of the industry to fight the crisis even in the midst of war.

Experiments conducted in Germany in 1941 to improve the quality of Magneto phone became successful. The 40s also held a prominent in the Music history of Americans as the US Government commissioned to build the tape recorder in this period. Thus, the 1940s is also accredited for releasing the tape recorder.

The turmoil caused by the Second World War reflected in the music of 1940's. The spotlight of the music of the 1940's was jazz and big band styles created by breakthrough artists. In this decade the advent of bebop music in jazz music created significant change in the history of music.

During the forties the distress among the people after the Second World War transformed the jazz techniques and attitudes of the people. It led to the evolution of bop, the jazz style without dance and commercial concerns.

Significant changes were observed in Children's music during the forties. Songs from animated Disney movies, Cowboy ditties and tunes sung by popular actors of the time were released for children during this decade.

Establishments such as Golden records, Young People's Record and Children's Record Guild were created for the purpose of distributing children's music. It is also observed that the combination of the major strands in American music in 1940's eventually led to what we now call the Rock and Roll.

The 1940's showcased the talents of artists like Dizzy Gillespie famous for his fast tempo style of jazz combined with scat singing Cab Calloway popularly known as the "Hi De Ho" guy Bing Crosby, the entertainer with the aim of improving troop morale Dorsey Brothers, known for their flair in playing musical instruments such as clarinet and saxophone.

In the era of the biggest war history has ever seen music created by theses artists created a positive musical style which helped the world to take their mind off the news of bloodshed.

It is indeed surprising that the 1940s music innovated measures such as Armed Forces radio Services for distributing programs to overseas soldiers as an attempt to improve their morale and to promote music.

Why May 31st Matters In Rock History

It’s May 31st and here are some reasons why this day matters in rock history:

In 1969, during their Montreal bed-in, John Lennon and Yoko Ono recorded “Give Peace a Chance.”

In 2006, a few hundred lucky fans packed into New York’s Avalon to witness Pearl Jam tape an episode of Vh1’s Storytellers.

In 1976, The Who earned a spot in the Guinness Book of World Records after playing the loudest performance by a rock band. Their gig in Charlton, England hit 120 decibels.

In 1982, R.E.M. signed a five-album deal with I.R.S. Records, an independent label based in California.

In 2008, Death Cab for Cutie had the number one album in the country with their sixth record, Narrow Stairs.

And in 1993, Jon Bon Jovi and wife Dorothea Hurley had their first child. Their daughter, Stephanie Rose, was born in Red Bank, New Jersey.

Watch the video: 30 Μαίου 1941 η Ακρόπολη χωρίς Σβάστικα