Harris AP-8 - History

Harris AP-8 - History

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John Harris was born in Pennsylvania 20 May 1790 and was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the Marine

Corps 23 April 1814. He fought with a mounted detachment of Marines in the Florida Indian Wars 1836 to 37 and as part of the occupying force in Mexico near the close of the war. Harris was promoted to the office Of Colonel Commandant of the Corps 7 January 1859 on the eve of the Civil War. Colonel Harris died while serving as Commandant 12 May 1864.

(AP-8: dp. 13,529 (lt.;) 1. 535'2", b. 72'4", dr. 31'3";
s 17 k., cpl. ff 28; a. 4 3", 6 40mm., 4 20mm. )

Harris (AP-8) was built in 1921 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., Sparrows Point, Md. She served as a passenger ship, Pine Tree State, and was renamed President Grant in 1922. She operated to the Orient for American Orient Line, later American Mail Line, and was one of America's fastest and best Pacific liners until the introduction of newer ships in the thirties. President Grant was idled by the 1936-37 Maritime strike, and lay at Seattle until being taken over by the Navy from the Maritime commission 17 July 1940. Converted to a troopship at Todd's Seattle yard, she was renamed Harris and commissioned 10 August 1940, Lt. A. M. Van Laton In command.

Harris spent the first few months of her commissioned service carrying troops to Pearl Harbor and acting as a troop training ship at San Diego. She sailed 13 April 1942 for the South Pacific, carrying Marines to occupy strategic points outside the Japanese perimeter of conquest. Her task group arrived Wallis Island 31 May 1942 and unloaded troops for the defense of the New Caledonia area. Harris then returned to the United States and operated out of Monterey Bay, Calif., in amphibious training. This vital work was completed 22 August 1942, and she sailed from San Diego for Norfolk.

After suffering collision damage which necessitated her drydocking until 14 October, Harris loaded troops at Norfolk to begin training for landings in North Africa. She departed 23 October with the Southern Attack Force, and acted as flagship for the transport force. This invasion, skillfully executed, increased the pressure on Axis forces in Africa, and prepared a springboard for invasion of Southern Europe. Harris arrived offshore early on 8 November 1942 and after Bernadou and Cole boldly entered the harbor with raider forces, debarked her Army troops to consolidate the landing. One of the first transports to complete disembarkation, Harris returned to Norfolk 13 November.

She got underway 5 December with combat troops for the Pacific, arriving San Diego 17 December. There she trained and was redesignated APA-21 before sailing from San Francisco for Alaska 24 April 1943 to take part in the recapture of Attu.

Harris arrived Cold Harbor 30 April and 4 days later shaped course for the barren Aleutian Island. She skillfully debarked her troops during the assault 11 May. She remained in the Adak-Dutch Harbor area until 10 June 1943, when she returned to San Diego. After training off California, Harris and other ships of the Northern Pacific Force sailed 29 July for the occupation of another Aleutian Island, Kiska. Landings were made without opposition 15 August, as the Japanese had evacuated under cover of fog. Harris completed her unloading by 21 August and returned to San Francisco 31 ~Lugust.

As United States power mounted in the Western Pacific Harris sailed 8 September for New Zealand via Noumea. Arriving Wellington on 30 September, she loaded Marines and trained out of Wellington and Efate, New EIebrides, until 13 November 1943. Harris then sailed with the Southern Attack Force for the invasion of Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, as the Navy began its resistless push across Micronesia to Japan. Harris arrived the day after the initial landings on 20 November. Despite fire from shore batteries she discharged her troops and cargo during the days that followed. She remained off the stubbornly defended island caring for casualties and unloading until 2 December, when she sailed for Pearl Harbor.

Arriving Pearl Harbor 14 December 1943, Harris took part in amphibious drills for the next step toward Japan, the invasion of the Marshalls. She sailed 22 January 1944 and arrived off Kwajalein 31 January. After a week of bloody fighting in this highly successful assault troops and casualties were reembarked on board Harris’s February and arrived Pearl Harbor 15 February.

Harris ailed to San Pedro for needed repairs, and returned to Pearl Harbor 9 May 1944. She immediately began loading troops and equipment for another important Pacific operation, the invasion of the Marinas. She arrived off Saipan 16 June, one day after the initial landings, and remained in the transport area until 20 June. With the Marianas won, and Japanese air power dealt a crippling blow in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Harris sailed for Eniwetok, arriving 24 June.

The veteran transport returned to the Hawaiian Islands and the Solomons 21 July to 8 September, in order to prepare for the next assault. She then sailed from Guadalcanal for the invasion of the Palaus, wanted as staging bases for later air attacks. Harris conducted a diversionary landing 15 September on Babelthuap while tho main forces stormed Peleliu, and after standing ready with her reserve troops for several days, sailed for Ulithi. Arriving 23 September, Harris put her troops ashore to occupy this atoll, ideal for a fleet anchorage, and departed 2 days later for Manus.

The invasion of the Philippines followed. Harris embarked elements of the 1st Cavalry Division and sailed for Leyte Gulf 12 October. After having to leave the formation temporarily to free her paravane from a dangerous live mine, Harris regained position and unloaded her troops and cargo, 20 October. Following the decisive Battle for Leyte Gulf, Harris took on board survivors of the gallant fight off Samar between heavy Japanese forces and light U.S. carriers and destroyers. She departed 28 October, arriving Guam 3 days later, and returned to Leyte Gulf with reinforcements. Harris then sailed for Guadalcanal and Bougainville for additional troops and spent December 1944 in landing exercises in Huon Gulf.

Harris departed Manus 31 December to rendezvous with `the assault forces steaming toward Lingayen Gulf. The convoys encountered some of the heaviest air attacks of the war en route, and Harris's gunner were busy, especially 8 to 9 January 1945, the days immediately preceding the assault. She debarked her troops under heavy smoke screen, and departed for Leyte Gulf. Here she embarked more landing forces that she soon landed at La Paz without opposition as the invasion of Luzon gathered momentum. She returned to Leyte Gulf 1 February.

Loading again, Harris prepared to take part in the final step in the steady drive to victory, the invasion of Okinawa. She sailed 27 March and arrived offshore for the initial landings 1 April, a member of Rear Admiral Hall's Southern Attack Force. Fierce enemy suicide attacks soon developed, and again Harris's gunners fought off numerous attacks as ships around her were hit she completed her unloading under these hazardous conditions by 3 April and departed for Pearl Harbor 6 April.

Harris continued to San Francisco, arriving 30 April but soon returned to the fighting, bringing fresh troops to Okinawa 28 May After another round trip from Pearl Harbor to Okinawa, the ship arrived Ulithi 10 August, having narrowly missed the great August typhoon

Assigned to assist in carrying occupation troops to Japan, Harris sailed to the Philippines 17 August, and arrived Tokyo Bay 8 September. After disembarking her troops Harris made another voyage to Samar for occupation troops, finally departing Japan 12 October. The ship made its final occupation voyage to Taku, Bar, China, helping to stabilize the volatile situation there, and sailed 16 November for Guam and the West Coast.

Harris transited the Panama Canal, arrived Boston 2 February 1946 and decommissioned 16 April. She was sold to American Ship Breakers, Inc., 20 July 1948 and scrapped. Harris received ten battle stars for World War II service.

'This can really backfire': Kamala Harris seeks to defy history with diplomatic mission

Vice President Kamala Harris is making her first foray into international diplomacy on the border situation, heading to Central America with a promise of $4 billion for nation-building and with hopes that countries can improve enough to keep their citizens at home.

The strategy has been tried before, but analysts warn it won’t be easy and can backfire by paving the way for even more people to come to the U.S., at least in the near term.

When Mexican incomes rose after leaders of the U.S., Mexico and Canada signed the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1992, it coincided with a wave of illegal migration “literally unprecedented in history,” said Mark Krikorian, executive director at the Center for Immigration Studies.

More recently, the European Union took on a project to try to build societies in more than two dozen African nations with hopes of stemming a migrant surge. It committed 5 billion euros to jobs, communities and governing institutions to make the countries more attractive for citizens to stay.

It seemed to work, in the beginning, with migration rates falling. But migration is rising again, said Camille Le Coz, a policy analyst at the Migration Policy Institute. It turns out that boosting economic development can provide more regular income and make it easier to save enough money to make the journey.

“The relationship between job creation and employment and migration is very complicated,” she said. “This can really backfire.”

Avoiding those pitfalls is the challenge awaiting Ms. Harris, scheduled to head to Guatemala on Sunday and Mexico on Monday. President Biden personally deputized the vice president to determine why people are leaving their homes and rushing north.

Ms. Harris set low expectations for her first international foray by saying discussions are still in the learning phase.

“It’s going to be an honest and real conversation,” she told reporters Wednesday. “I’m there to listen as much as I am to share perspective.”

Ms. Harris has had several conversations with the leaders of Guatemala and Mexico, though relations with Honduras and El Salvador appear to be more strained.

She said part of her message to Guatemala would be “the need to have very frank and honest discussions about the need to address corruption, to address crime and violence, and in particular against some of the most vulnerable populations.”

Ms. Harris took the first concrete steps toward solutions last month by hosting a meeting of American business leaders and urging them to pursue more economic opportunities in the region. The Biden administration has carved out thousands of visas for guest workers from Central America.

Mr. Biden is betting that the surge of migrants is less about the pull factors in the U.S. — the ease of jumping the border and gaining a foothold with no significant fear of deportation — and more about the push factor of conditions forcing people to flee their home countries.

Many analysts question the wisdom of that bet.

“I’m skeptical that this talk about root causes and what have you will yield anything useful in Central America, but just for the sake of argument, let’s say it will work. It’s actually an argument for toughening border controls, not a substitute for it,” Mr. Krikorian said.

He offered the experience of Mexico in the past 30 years as a caution. More than 1 million Mexicans jumped the border each year at the turn of the century before the numbers tapered off by 2010.

“Immigration pressure increases as development increases, and only later does it taper off,” Mr. Krikorian said.

The declining Mexican migration reduced numbers to modern record lows in the early part of the last decade, though the Central American surge, which took off in 2014, sent numbers rising again.

Ms. Le Coz said there is a parallel in the Biden administration’s society-strengthening goals in Central America and what the European Union has been trying to do with billions of dollars in its EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. The fund said it created 131,936 jobs after five years.

Ms. Le Coz said there are many reasons why investment may be the right call, and she offered suggestions to ensure they are targeted.

She said the Biden team is on the right track by planning to work with national governments and local governments and directly in communities.

She also said expanding legal pathways — another move the Biden administration is making with dedicated guest-worker visas — is important. Finding ways to hold recipients accountable for the aid money could cut the kinds of waste that plagued past U.S. assistance efforts, she said.

“There needs to be an investment in what can we tell about this initiative’s achievement as a whole,” she said.

Ms. Harris is under pressure from activist groups to scold the leadership in Mexico and Guatemala over recent moves seen as deviations from democratic governance and for stiffening their own immigration controls to block some of the flow of people headed north.

“Prioritizing harsh immigration enforcement and deterrence over the ability to access protection jeopardizes the security of thousands of families and individuals fleeing for their lives,” a coalition of activist groups said Wednesday.

Another issue is how willing the Central American nations are to change. One factor is remittances, or the flow of money back home from their citizens who reach the U.S.

In 2019, remittances accounted for 14% of Guatemala’s gross domestic product, 21% of El Salvador’s GDP and 22% of Honduras’ GDP, according to the World Bank. Analysts had predicted a pandemic plunge, but early signs are that remittances are setting records.

That kind of money proves addictive for some governments and can dampen chances for change, Mr. Krikorian said.

Ms. Harris’ involvement in the migrant surge has been controversial.

When Mr. Biden tapped her for the job, reporters and analysts quickly dubbed her the “border czar.” The White House rushed to clarify that her role was not to deal with the arrivals but rather to stem the flow of people leaving their countries.

That clarification hasn’t dampened calls for Ms. Harris to visit the border. She is unlikely to do so, at least as long as the situation is messy.

Even without purview over the border, Ms. Harris‘ diplomatic challenge is tough.

Siphoning money to the region isn’t anything new.

The Congressional Research Service said in a 2019 review that the U.S. had allocated $2.6 billion over the previous four years “to promote economic prosperity, improve security and strengthen governance in the region.” That description could easily be applied to what the Biden team is talking about.

Rep. Thomas P. Tiffany, Wisconsin Republican, said if Ms. Harris wants to contain the border situation, she needs to go farther south than Guatemala and see the situation in Panama.

Panama serves as a chokepoint for migrants making their way up the spine of the Americas from Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and elsewhere. Mr. Tiffany just returned from a trip to a village near the Darien Gap, the wild jungle that those making the trip on foot must cross, and is considered one of the most dangerous points on the trip.

“If they think they’re just going to throw money at the problem and say it’s fixed, that’s not the case because they’re not getting to the origin of the problem, because these migrants are coming from all over the world,” Mr. Tiffany told The Washington Times.

During his trip, he said, he saw hundreds of migrants departing the village. He met a man from Senegal and heard from villagers about people from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Romania who had made the trek through the jungle.

Still, if Ms. Harris can dent Central America’s numbers, it will make a notable difference.

During the surge in 2019, about 600,000 of the 860,000 migrants whom the Border Patrol nabbed were from the key three countries.

Kamala Harris gambles with history

Six months into her young vice presidency, Kamala Harris Kamala HarrisHarris signals a potential breakthrough in US-Mexico cooperation Watch live: Harris delivers remarks on vaccination efforts Biden signs Juneteenth bill: 'Great nations don't ignore their most painful moments' MORE has settled into the job. Taking her oath of office last January, the coronavirus was raging, travel was restricted and few were allowed to work in the White House. This allowed Vice President Harris to spend far more time with President Biden Joe BidenObama: Ensuring democracy 'continues to work effectively' keeps me 'up at night' New Jersey landlords prohibited from asking potential tenants about criminal records Overnight Defense: Pentagon pulling some air defense assets from Middle East | Dems introduce resolution apologizing to LGBT community for discrimination | White House denies pausing military aid package to Ukraine MORE than is usually the case for new administrations. In addition, the months-long renovation of the vice-presidential mansion meant that Harris and Second Gentleman Doug Emhoff Doug EmhoffThe Hill's Morning Report - After high-stakes Biden-Putin summit, what now? The Hill's Morning Report - Dems to go-it-alone on infrastructure as bipartisan plan falters Harris highlights COVID-19 vaccination safety, efficacy in SC event to kick off tour MORE were temporary residents of Blair House, making them across-the-street neighbors to the Bidens.

Historically, vice presidents often found the job frustrating. John Nance Garner famously likened it to a “pitcher of warm spit.” Presidential maltreatment left many vice presidents, like Garner, embittered. One source of friction is the election-year imperative to choose someone whose ideology and electoral strengths differ from the presidential nominee. Once victory was secured, vice presidents were dispatched to a do-nothing job in the Senate, only voting whenever a tie needed to be broken.

Even presidents who had formerly been vice president often treated their number twos badly. Harry Truman once asked a close aide, “What is Alben up to?” a reference to his vice president, Alben Barkley. Lyndon B. Johnson, once ridiculed by the Kennedys as “Uncle Corn Pone,” frequently left Hubert H. Humphrey waiting outside the Oval Office as aides scurried in and out. Richard M. Nixon had little regard for Spiro Agnew, and privately referred to him as his “insurance policy” as he fought impeachment during the Watergate affair.

Walter F. Mondale’s revamping of the vice presidency in the 1970s changed things. Relationships between presidents and vice presidents substantially improved. Joe Biden and Barack Obama Barack Hussein ObamaBiden raised key concerns with Putin, but may have overlooked others Democrats have turned solidly against gas tax Obama on Supreme Court ruling: 'The Affordable Care Act is here to stay' MORE provide one illustration. At the start of Barack Obama’s presidency, the two men did not know one another well. Although Obama had been in the Senate for four years, he spent his final two running for president. But a close relationship developed, one strengthened when Biden’s son, Beau, became terminally ill. At Beau’s funeral, Obama memorably referred to himself as an “honorary” Biden.

President Biden seems determined to replicate his powerful vice presidency with Kamala Harris. At first, the signs were not promising. For one thing, the two did not know each other well. Like Obama, Harris spent four years in the Senate, the last two running unsuccessfully for president. Add to this the infamous clash between Harris and Biden during the first presidential debate on the issue of school busing, which infuriated Biden and his supporters.

But fate and political calculation brought them together. Now in office, their extended face time has given Vice President Harris a unique opportunity to develop a rapport and immerse herself in the mechanicians of government. As Harris recently acknowledged, their mutual trust makes her “the last person in the room” when key decisions are made.

President Biden has given Vice President Harris two high-risk, high-reward assignments. Harris has been placed in charge of stemming the flow of immigrants from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador — countries plagued for decades by corruption, violence and the devastating effects of climate change. According to a May poll, 51 percent of registered voters disapprove of his handling of immigration. Thus, Harris’s foray into Mexico and Guatemala is an enormous political gamble. Prospects of immediate success are dim, and it is unlikely that the flow of refugees will diminish. Donald Trump Donald TrumpWhite House denies pausing military aid package to Ukraine Poll: 30 percent of GOP voters believe Trump will 'likely' be reinstated this year Black Secret Service agent told Trump it was offensive to hold rally in Tulsa on Juneteenth: report MORE and his fellow Republicans will surely exploit the issue in the upcoming midterm elections.

Biden has also put Harris in charge of securing congressional passage of the For the People Act. Prospects of getting 60 votes in the Senate (much less 51 should the filibuster either be modified or eliminated) are extremely remote given West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin Joe ManchinHollywood goes all in for the For the People Act The Hill's Morning Report - ObamaCare here to stay Centrists gain leverage over progressives in Senate infrastructure battle MORE ’s announced opposition. As Biden admitted in giving his vice president this task, “It’s going to take a hell of a lot of work.”Republican intransigence to voting reforms is driven in part by a Trump-controlled Republican party wrapped around the illusion that the 2020 election was “stolen.” Further animating GOP opposition is a rapidly changing demography that will erode the power of blue-collar voters and make Republican victories far more difficult. Having wildly succeeded with congressional gerrymandering after the 2010 midterms, Republicans are now busily engaged in perfecting their game of choosing their voters.

Kamala Harris’s assignments are a high wire act. Unlike anyone else in the executive branch, presidents cannot fire their vice presidents. In the past, this made most chief executives reluctant to give their number twos any significant responsibilities. But today vice presidents can hardly turn down assignments given to them (even the difficult ones). For Harris, accepting her new responsibilities is a high-risk, high reward proposition. Adding to the pressure is Harris’s historic role as the first female vice president, which is certain to draw intense media scrutiny.

Going from the vice presidency into the presidency via an election is a rare historical occurrence. Only Martin Van Buren and George H. W. Bush managed to do it, thanks to the popularity of their bosses. Modern vice presidents are major contenders for their party’s presidential nomination, and come 2024 or 2028, Vice President Harris is likely to be a strong competitor. But her political fortunes will depend largely on how voters view the Biden presidency. Accepting these high-profile assignments, ones fraught with a likelihood of failure, puts Harris’s political ambitions at significant risk. It’s a huge gamble.

John Kenneth White is a politics professor at The Catholic University of America and author of “What Happened to the Republican Party?”

The Latest: Harris makes history in accepting VP nomination

WASHINGTON (AP) — Kamala Harris has made history night as the first Black woman to accept a spot on a major party’s presidential ticket.

In her highly anticipated address capping the third night of the virtual Democratic National Convention, Harris mixed her polish as a former prosecutor with deeply personal tales of her upbringing to argue that she and Joe Biden can rejuvenate a country ravaged by a pandemic and deeply divided by partisan bitterness.

Harris evoked the lessons of her late mother, Shyamala Gopalan, a biologist and Indian immigrant, saying Wednesday that she instilled in her a vision of “our nation as a beloved community -- where all are welcome, no matter what we look like, where we come from, or who we love.”

“There is no vaccine for racism,” Harris said. “We have got to do the work.”


— Democratic convention takeaways: Make history, pound Trump

— Harris makes history with vice presidential acceptance speech

— Obama speaks at DNC from Museum of the American Revolution

— Hillary Clinton returns to DNC championing women in politics

— Democrats use Trump’s ‘It is what it is’ to make their case


President Donald Trump offered a running angry commentary of the Democratic convention as top party officials laced into his leadership.

In all-caps missives, Trump took to Twitter to push back as former President Barack Obama accused him of “treating the presidency as anything but one more reality show that he can use to get the attention he craves.”

“HE SPIED ON MY CAMPAIGN, AND GOT CAUGHT,” Trump tweeted falsely. Federal officials surveilled associates of Trump’s 2016 campaign through legally obtained court warrants as part of a counterintelligence investigation into Russian election interference.

“WHY DID HE REFUSE TO ENDORSE SLOW JOE UNTIL IT WAS ALL OVER, AND EVEN THEN WAS VERY LATE? WHY DID HE TRY TO GET HIM NOT TO RUN?” Trump added, referencing his predecessor’s decision to wait until the Democratic primary was largely wrapped up before throwing his weight behind Joe Biden.

Trump also untruthfully characterized Kamala Harris' criticism of Biden, saying, “BUT DIDN’T SHE CALL HIM A RACIST. DIDN’T SHE SAY HE WAS INCOMPETENT??” Harris specifically said Biden wasn't racist, and she didn't call him incompetent.

Some of the most influential women in Kamala Harris’ life are introducing her as the Democratic vice presidential nominee.

They are Harris’ younger sister, Maya Harris her niece, Meena Harris and her step-daughter, Ella Emhoff. Maya Harris has long been one of Harris’ closest political advisers.

Emhoff is the daughter of Harris’ husband, Doug Emhoff, and affectionately calls Harris “Momala.”

At Wednesday’s Democratic National Convention, Meena Harris called her aunt a role model who taught her she could do anything she wanted, and a role model to so many women and girls of color around the world. Maya Harris says she’ll have Harris’ back the way Harris had hers as children growing up.

Kamala Harris has been formally nominated as Democrats’ pick for vice president, becoming the first Black woman to do so for a major political party.

The 55-year-old California senator ran unsuccessfully in the Democratic presidential primary, dropping out months before the first votes were cast.

Joe Biden emerged on top of the once-crowded primary field, clinching the nomination and tapping Harris as his running mate last week.

By joining the party’s ticket, Harris also becomes just the third woman and first Asian-American to seek the vice presidency. She is a daughter of Jamaican and Indian immigrants.

A former state attorney general, Harris became close to Biden’s son Beau while he was attorney general of Delaware. Beau Biden died of brain cancer in 2015, and Harris was elected to the Senate the following year.

Former President Barack Obama has delivered a searing take down of Donald Trump while presenting Joe Biden and Kamala Harris as the ones who will “lead this country out of these dark times.”

Obama made the case for electing his former vice president and Harris, a California senator, during a live address to the Democratic National Convention on Wednesday from the Museum of the American Revolution in Philadelphia. He implored people to vote, arguing American democracy is at stake.

“This administration has shown that it will tear our democracy down if that’s what it takes to win,” Obama said, urging voters to “leave no doubt about what this country that we love stands for.”

Obama is among the headliners on the convention’s third night and is speaking before Harris. They are both barrier-breaking figures, he as the nation’s first Black president and Harris as the first Black woman on a major party ticket.

Former presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren says Joe Biden can hold his own on having a plan for nearly every policy challenge, large and small.

The Massachusetts senator said Wednesday night in her Democratic National Convention speech: “I love a good plan, and Joe Biden has some really good plans — plans to bring back union jobs in manufacturing and create new union jobs in clean energy.”

Warren spoke from an early education center in Springfield, Massachusetts, and said Biden will guarantee affordable, quality child care for all families.

She says the pandemic has laid bare another central theme of her presidential campaign, that the nation’s economic system “has been rigged to give bailouts to billionaires and kick dirt in the face of everyone else.”

She says, “Joe’s plan to ‘build back better’ includes making the wealthy pay their fair share, holding corporations accountable, repairing racial inequities and fighting corruption in Washington.”

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi is accusing President Donald Trump of “disrespect for facts, for working families and for women in particular,” disrespect she says she’s “seen firsthand.”

Pelosi spoke Wednesday night during the Democratic National Convention with the Golden Gate Bridge as a backdrop. She said Trump’s disrespect is “written into his policies toward our health and our rights, not just his conduct.”

She contrasted Joe Biden as having a “heart full of love for America” against Trump’s “heartless disregard for America’s goodness.”

Pelosi also listed a litany of bills House Democrats have passed, including LGBTQ protections, gun violence measures and a coronavirus relief bill and charged that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Trump are “standing in the way” of those reforms.

She closed by predicting this fall that Democrats will increase their majority in the House and win back control of the Senate.

Hillary Clinton is reminding people of her 2016 loss despite winning 3 million more votes than Donald Trump as she urges Democrats not to sit the election out so he can’t “sneak or steal his way to victory.”

Addressing the Democratic National Convention on Wednesday from her home in Chappaqua, New York, Clinton says she hoped Trump would put his ego aside and be the president America needs, but that hasn’t happened.

Recalling a moment when Trump asked Black voters in 2016 what they had to lose by supporting him, Clinton said: “Now we know.”

Clinton says she knows about “the slings and arrows” that vice presidential candidate Kamala Harris will face as a Black woman on the ticket.

“Believe me: This former district attorney and attorney general can handle them all,” she added.

Former Arizona Rep. Gabby Giffords is calling on Americans to speak out to combat gun violence, “even when you have to fight to find the words.”

Struggling to speak herself, Giffords recounted her difficulty recovering from the 2011 shooting that nearly took her life.

Giffords said during brief remarks at the Democratic National Convention on Wednesday night: “Confronted by paralysis and aphasia, I responded with grit and determination.”

The former congresswoman added: “Today I struggle to speak. But I have not lost my voice.”

Since the shooting, Giffords has become a leading gun control advocate and frequently speaks out on the issue. She told viewers that Joe Biden was there for her after the shooting and that they must participate in the November election to be “on the right side of history.”

“We can let the shooting continue, or we can act,” she said, adding: “We can vote.”

Kamala Harris kicked off the third night of the virtual Democratic National Convention by saying viewers may have heard “about obstacles and misinformation, and folks making it harder for you to cast your ballot.”

“I think we need to ask ourselves why don’t they want us to vote,” Harris said Wednesday. “When we vote, things get better. When we vote, we address the need for all people to be treated with dignity and respect in our country.”

She did not say what those possible obstacles were, but Democrats have accused President Donald Trump of deliberately trying to disrupt operations at the Postal Service in a year when more people are expected to vote by mail because of the coronavirus pandemic.

Harris urged viewers to send a text message to the Biden campaign to receive information on how to vote and deadlines for obtaining mail-in ballots, which vary by state.

Later Wednesday, she is expected to accept the Democratic vice presidential nomination.

President Donald Trump is pushing back against a reproach from former President Barack Obama, who is set to speak at the Democratic National Convention.

Trump said in a Wednesday evening news conference that the reason he is now in the White House is because Obama and Joe Biden, his opponent this November, did not do a good job.

Trump said, “They did such a bad job that I stand before you as president.”

He said if they had done a good job, he wouldn’t have even run for president in 2016. He says, “I would have been very happy. I enjoyed my previous life very much.”

Excerpts of Obama’s remarks released ahead of Wednesday’s convention show he will portray his successor as having unleashed America’s “worst impulses” and treated the presidency as a reality show “to get the attention he craves.”

Kamala Harris plans to use her history-making speech at the virtual Democratic National Convention to say she will help Joe Biden promote “a vision of our nation as a beloved community – where all are welcome, no matter what we look like, where we come from, or who we love.”

The California senator will become the first Black woman to accept a spot on a major party’s presidential ticket when she formally becomes Biden’s running mate with her address later Wednesday. Her party hopes the moment can galvanize Democratic voters heading into the fall campaign against President Donald Trump.

She will call on the country to elect a “president who will bring all of us together — Black, white, Latino, Asian, Indigenous — to achieve the future we collectively want,” according to excerpts released beforehand. “We must elect Joe Biden.”

Harris also plans to criticize Trump, saying, “Right now, we have a president who turns our tragedies into political weapons.”

”Joe will be a president who turns our challenges into purpose,” Harris will say.

Former President Barack Obama is set to implore voters to back his former vice president for the nation’s top job, arguing that “our democracy” is on the line.

Obama will address the virtual Democratic National Convention on Wednesday night from the Museum of the American Revolution in Philadelphia. Excerpts of his speech were released in advance.

Obama says President Donald Trump has “shown no interest in putting in the work” or “treating the presidency as anything but one more reality show that he can use to get the attention he craves.”

Convention organizers have titled the third night of their event “United America,” saying speakers will reflect Democrats’ argument that Joe Biden and his running mate, California Sen. Kamala Harris, can unify the country after a divisive four years under Trump.

Hillary Clinton is using her return to the Democratic National Convention to issue a stark warning about the 2020 election.

According to excerpts released Wednesday, Clinton plans to reflect in her speech on her 2016 election loss to President Donald Trump and urge Americans not to take the election’s outcome for granted.

She will say, “For four years, people have said to me, ‘I didn’t realize how dangerous he was.’ ‘I wish I could go back and do it over.’ Or worst, ‘I should have voted.’ Well, this can’t be another woulda coulda shoulda election.”

Four years after she made history as the first woman nominated for president by a major party, Clinton will nod to another enduring legacy: the millions of women inspired by her 2016 bid who marched, ran for office and have become a powerful force in taking on Trump.

Her presence Wednesday night comes as California Sen. Kamala Harris becomes the first Black woman to accept a spot on a major presidential ticket and one day after the 100th anniversary of women’s suffrage.

Washington Post fact-check's Harris' 'little history lesson' about Lincoln: 'Wasn't exactly true'

Pence confronts Harris, asks her if Dems will pack Supreme Court

Vice President repeatedly asks Kamala Harris if Democrats will expand size of high court.

The Washington Post offered a sharp rebuke to the "little history lesson" Sen. Kamala Harris shared during Wednesday night's vice presidential debate, which apparently "wasn't exactly true."

During an exchange with Vice President Mike Pence on the confirmation of Judge Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court, Harris suggested that one of the most revered Republican presidents would be in favor of allowing a newly elected president to fill a vacant seat instead of rushing a confirmation in the heat of an election.

She made her argument in response to Pence saying that President Trump's appointment is following precedent.

“I’m so glad we went through a little history lesson. Let’s do that a little more,” Harris told Pence. “In 1864. Abraham Lincoln was up for reelection. And it was 27 days before the election. And a seat became open on the United States Supreme Court. Abraham Lincoln’s party was in charge not only of the White House but the Senate. But Honest Abe said, ‘It’s not the right thing to do. The American people deserve to make the decision about who will be the next president of the United States, and then that person will be able to select who will serve on the highest court of the land.”

Well, according to a report from The Washington Post on Thursday, Harris did not accurately describe what took place under Lincoln when filling the vacant seat of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney.

"Harris is correct that a seat became available 27 days before the election. And that Lincoln didn’t nominate anyone until after he won," the Post wrote. "But there is no evidence he thought the seat should be filled by the winner of the election. In fact, he had other motives for the delay."

According to Lincoln historian Michael Burlingame, Lincoln told his aides he wanted to delay his Supreme Court confirmation process because he was “waiting to receive expressions of public opinion from the country," though the Post noted, "that didn’t mean he was waiting for ballots so much as the mail."

"The overarching effect of the delay is that it held Lincoln’s broad but shaky coalition of conservative and radical Republicans together," the Post explained. "Congress was in recess until early December, so there would have been no point in naming a man before the election anyway. Lincoln shrewdly used that to his advantage. If he had lost the election, there is no evidence he wouldn’t have filled the spot in the lame-duck session."

The Post concluded, "So Harris is mistaken about Lincoln’s motivations in this regard."

National Review senior writer Dan McLaughin went even further, accusing Harris of "dishonesty" with her Lincoln anecdote.

"Lincoln, of course, said no such thing," McLaughlin refuted the Democrat Wednesday night. "He sent no nominee to the Senate in October 1864 because the Senate was out of session until December."

U.S. Senator

In November 2016, Harris handily defeated Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez for a U.S. Senate seat from California, thereby becoming just the second African American woman and the first South Asian American to enter the Senate.

Harris has since joined the chamber&aposs Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, Select Committee on Intelligence, Committee on the Judiciary and Committee on the Budget. She has supported a single-payer healthcare system and introduced legislation to increase access to outdoor recreation sites in urban areas and provide financial relief in the face of rising housing costs.

Harris has also made a name for herself from her spot on the Judiciary Committee, particularly for her pointed questioning of Brett Kavanaugh, who faced accusations of sexual assault after being nominated for Supreme Court justice in 2018, and of then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions during a 2017 hearing that delved into alleged collusion between the Trump team and Russian agents.

Masaccio, Holy Trinity

Left: Masaccio, Holy Trinity, c. 1427, Fresco, 667 x 317 cm, (Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy) Right: Figure annotation of Holy Trinity, Masaccio, Holy Trinity, c. 1427, Fresco, 667 x 317 cm, (Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy) (photos: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Masaccio was the first painter in the Renaissance to incorporate Brunelleschi’s discovery, linear perspective, in his art. He did this in his fresco the Holy Trinity, in Santa Maria Novella, in Florence.

Perspective diagram, Masaccio, Holy Trinity, c. 1427, Fresco, 667 x 317 cm, (Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy) (photos: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Have a close look at this perspective diagram. The orthogonals can be seen in the edges of the coffers in the ceiling (look for diagonal lines that appear to recede into the distance). Because Masaccio painted from a low viewpoint, as though we were looking up at Christ, we see the orthogonals in the ceiling, and if we traced all of the orthogonals, we would see that the vanishing point is on the ledge that the donors kneel on.

God’s feet

God’s foot (detail), Holy Trinity, c. 1427, fresco, 667 x 317 cm (Santa Maria Novella, Florence) (photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Our favorite part of this fresco is God’s feet. Actually, you can only really see one of them.

God is standing in this painting. This may not strike you all that much when you first think about it because our idea of God, our picture of God in our minds eye—as an old man with a beard—is very much based on Renaissance images of God. So, here Masaccio imagines God as a man. Not a force or a power, or something abstract, but as a man. A man who stands—his feet are foreshortened, and he weighs something and is capable of walking. In medieval art, God was often represented by a hand, as though God was an abstract force or power in our lives—but here he seems so much like a flesh and blood man. This is a good indication of Humanism in the Renaissance.

Masaccio’s contemporaries were struck by the palpable realism of this fresco, as was Vasari who lived over one hundred years later. Vasari wrote that “the most beautiful thing, apart from the figures, is a barrel-shaped vaulting, drawn in perspective and divided into squares filled with rosettes, which are foreshortened and made to diminish so well that the wall appears to be pierced.”¹

Architecture (detail), Masaccio, Holy Trinity, c. 1427, fresco, 667 x 317 cm (Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy) (photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

The architecture

One of the other remarkable things about this fresco is the use of the forms of classical architecture (from ancient Greece and Rome). Masaccio borrowed much of what we see from ancient Roman architecture, and may have been helped by the great Renaissance architect Brunelleschi.

  • Coffers – the indented squares on the ceiling
  • Column – a round, supporting element in architecture. In this fresco by Masaccio we see an attached column
  • Pilasters – a shallow, flattened out column attached to a wall—it is only decorative, and has no supporting function
  • Barrel Vault – vault means ceiling, and a barrel vault is a ceiling in the shape of a round arch
  • Ionic and Corinthian Capitals – a capital is the decorated top of a column or pilaster. An ionic capital has a scroll shape (like the ones on the attached columns in the painting), and a Corinthian capital has leaf shapes.
  • Fluting – the vertical, indented lines or grooves that decorated the pilasters in the painting—fluting can also be applied to a column

Holy Trinity with architectural elements labeled (detail) Masaccio, Holy Trinity, c. 1427, fresco, 667 x 317 cm (Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy) (photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Black History Moment: Kamala Harris

Tennessee Titans safety Kevin Byard shares the impact of Vice President Kamala Harris as the first female and Black V.P. in U.S. history in this Black History Moment.

Black History Moment: Kamala Harris

Tennessee Titans safety Kevin Byard shares the impact of Vice President Kamala Harris as the first female and Black V.P. in U.S. history in this Black History Moment.

Black History Moment: Thomas 'Fats' Waller

Las Vegas Raiders tight end Darren Waller tells the story of his great grandfather, Thomas "Fats" Waller.

Black History Moment: Art Shell

Hall of Fame linebacker Mike Singletary tells the story of Art Shell, who became the second Black head coach in NFL history when the Raiders hired him in 1989.

Black History Moment: Bernard Garrett Sr. and Joe Morris

Miami Dolphins cornerback Byron Jones tells the story of Bernard Garrett Sr. and Joe Morris, who fought redlining policies in the 1950s and '60s.

NFL Roundtable: Vick tells his story of being a Black QB in the NFL

Michael Vick sits down with Doug Williams and Warren Moon for an in-depth look at how he started his young football career at quarterback and carried that on to play QB in college football and the NFL.

Four NFL legends detail their journeys as a Black QB

Four NFL legends -- Michael Vick, Warren Moon, Doug Williams and James Harris -- detail their journeys as a Black QB in the NFL.

NFL 360: Vick looks back at evolution of Black QBs in the NFL

Michael Vick reflects on pioneers in the NFL at the quarterback position, including Doug Williams and Warren Moon, and speaks to his own impact on modern era QBs, including Patrick Mahomes and Lamar Jackson.

NFL 360: How Black QBs have used their platforms to spark change

Wayne Brady, Jemele Hill, Rev. Al Sharpton and Anthony Anderson discuss the opportunity and responsibility for Black quarterbacks in the NFL to speak out and affect change, especially given the social injustices that we saw in 2020. And current star quarterbacks Russell Wilson and Patrick Mahomes share what giving back and spreading awareness about racial equity means to them.

NFL 360: How young Black QBs impact today's NFL game

John Legend, Snoop Dogg, the Rev. Jesse Jackson and Cedric the Entertainer celebrate a generation of young Black quarterbacks, including Patrick Mahomes, Deshaun Watson, Dak Prescott, Lamar Jackson and Russell Wilson, who are dominating on the game's biggest stage.

NFL 360: Doug Williams' influence on the NFL

Hall of Fame quarterback Doug Williams' influence on the NFL.

NFL 360: How Black QBs have changed the game, by Patrick Claybon

NFL Network's Patrick Claybon discusses how Black quarterbacks have changed the game in the NFL.

Black History Moment: Doug Williams on legacy of Tony Dungy

Listen to Doug Williams dicuss the legacy of Tony Dungy.

Black History Month: Remembering 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham

Arizona Cardinals offensive tackle Kelvin Beachum shares the story of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama.

Black History Moment: Colin Kaepernick

San Francisco 49ers defensive end Arik Armstead reflects on the legacy of former NFL quarterback and activist Colin Kaepernick in this Black History Moment.

Black History Moments: Muhammad Ali

Pro Football Hall of Fame running back Eric Dickerson discusses how Muhammad Ali paved the way for African American athletes to speak out.

Black History Moment: Selma

Detroit Lions defensive end Trey Flowers tells the story of the Selma marches and Bloody Sunday.

Black History Moment: Tommie Smith

Houston Texans safety Justin Reid tells the story of Olympic track and field athlete Tommie Smith.

Black History Moment: Little Rock Nine

Philadelphia Eagles safety Rodney McLeod shares a story of the Little Rock Nine who were a group of nine African American students who made national headlines when they integrated Little Rock Central High School. They were fighting to receive the same education as their white counterparts.

Black History Moment: Freedom Riders

Jacksonville Jaguars wide receiver Chris Conley has long been passionate about voting rights in this country. Mostly because the fight for this cause has been something his family has been a part of for decades. Conley's aunts were freedom riders in the 60s pushing for voting rights and equal opportunities for Black Americans. In today's Black History Moment, Conley tells us more about Freedom Riders and their contribution to American History.

'Who Are We?' Nate Burleson narrates stories behind 2020 season

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Black History Moment: Dr. Alexa Canady

New Orleans Saints defensive end Cam Jordan shares today's Black History Moment with the story of Dr. Alexa Canady.

Black History Moments: Barack Obama

Seattle Seahawks wide receiver Tyler Lockett talks about the importance and inspiration of Barack Obama becoming the first Black President of the United States.

Black History Moments: Harry Carson and HBCUs

Hall of Famer and former linebacker for the New York Giants Harry Carson highlights the importance of Historically Black Colleges. Carson explains how HBCUs function to provide equal learning opportunities, and a sense of unity for the Black community.

Black History Moments: Heman Marion Sweatt

Arizona Cardinals defensive tackle Kelvin Beachum shares the story of Heman Marion Sweatt, who was a civil rights activist in the 40s and 50s. After being rejected from The University of Texas Law School for the color of his skin, Sweatt challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine in the court case _Sweatt V. Painter,_which granted the right to equal educational opportunities.

Black History Moments: Tony Dungy

Tony Dungy made Black history by becoming the first African American NFL head coach to win the Super Bowl. He blazed a trail for the Black coaches that came after him and was a shining example of the potential for Black leadership in the NFL. Watch as Indianapolis Colts running back Nyheim Hines shares his Black history moment on Tony Dungy.

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Jessica B. Harris’s Guide to Black Culinary History

Bahia, Brooklyn, New Orleans, Martha’s Vineyard, and Paris are the places she’s called home. Erudite, wickedly funny, and droll describe her personality. Who are we talking about?

None other than the culinary historian Jessica B. Harris, Ph.D.—founding member of the Southern Foodways Alliance, a member of Les Dames d’Escoffier, a professional society championing women in culinary fields, an award-winning journalist, podcaster, and author of over a dozen deeply researched books and too many articles to count. (If you’re looking for something that goes down like butter, check out her memoir, My Soul Looks Back, filled with tales about her adventures in New York’s Greenwich Village with friends James Baldwin and Maya Angelou.)

As the foremost expert on the foodways of the African diaspora, there’s no better (or wittier) guide to Black culinary traditions. Here, she shares with us a few of the dishes, books, and ingredients she finds essential to unpacking this long, rich, and ever-evolving history. —Dawn Davis, editor in chief

Chef Edouardo Jordan’s JuneBaby restaurant in Seattle is an edible praise song to the genius of African American cooks. The menu offers classic dishes like fried chicken and greens along with specials—like chitlins and Momma Jordan’s oxtails—not usually tasted outside of home kitchens.

Toni Tipton-Martin’s The Jemima Code reclaims and celebrates the heritage of Black America’s controversial “aunt” by documenting 200 years of African American cookbooks from her personal collection. Familiar figures such as Edna Lewis show up alongside unexpected personalities such as activist Bobby Seale and singer Mahalia Jackson in this must-own compendium.


  1. Arregaithel

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  2. Zuluzragore

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  3. Gustave

    cool .. took almost everything))

  4. Thom

    that's definitely cool

  5. Imanol

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