La Vallette II DD- 448 - History

La Vallette II DD- 448 - History


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La Vallette II

( DD-448; dp. 2,100; 1. 376'3"; b. 39'8"; dr. 13'; 8. 35.5 k., colt 273 , a. 5 5", 10 40mm., 7 20mm., 6 dcp., 2 dct., 10 21" tt.; cl. Fletcher)

The second La Vallette (DD-448) was laid down 27 November 1941 by Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Corp., Kearny, N.J.; launched 21 June 1942. sponsored by Mrs. Lucy La Vallette Littel, great-granddaughter of Rear Admiral 1,a Vallette; and commissioned 12 August 1942, Lt. Cmdr. H. Henderson in command.

After training and escort duty in the Caribbean and Atlantic, La Vallette departed New York 16 December 1942 for the Panama Canal and Pacific duty. First contact vith the enemy came 29 January 1943 as she screened TF 18 off Guadalcanal, when La Vallette's guns splashed three of a wave of attacking planes.

Attacked again 30 January while guarding Chicago she shot down six "Bettys", but was struck by a torpedo. With 22 dead, she was towed to drydock at Espiritu Santo for temporary repairs, then sailed to Mare Island Navy Yard, arriving 1 April.

Completely repaired, La Vallette left 6 August for Pearl Harbor, where she joined a earlier force for a strike on Marcus Island 31 August before returning to patrol duty in the Solomons. On the nights of 1 and 2 October, she contacted Japanese troop barges off Kolombangara, of which she sank four and damaged 2. La Vallette carried out escort and screening assignments during the Gilbert landings, and in strikes against Kwajalein and Wotje, during which she splashed another enemy aircraft. Brief repairs at San Francisco followed, after which she returned to the South Pacific.

On 1 February 1944 she fled in the preinvasion bombardment of Roi, part of the Kwajalein complex, in April she hit Aitape, and on 2 July supported the landings on Noewfoor, off New Guinea. Constant patrol and escort operations were conducted between these invasions.

Assigned to escort convoys during the first assaults on the Philippines, La Vallette had already left Leyte Gulf with a convoy bound to reload at Hollandia before the vast and decisive Battle for Leyte Gulf erupted; but she returned to the Philippines by 5 December, when she splashed a kamikaze in Surigao Strait. She covered flve more landings.in the Philippines during December and January 1945, then joined the screen for minesweepers clearng Manila Bay. On 14 February in Mariveles Harbor, La Vallette was extensively damaged by a mine. With six dead and 23 wounded, she was towed to drydock at Subic Bay, then sailed for Hunters Point Navy Yard where she was completely repaired. On 7 August she sailed for San Diego, where she decommissioned 16 April 1946, and entered the Reserve Fleet, where she remains into 1969.

La Vallette received 10 battle stars for World War II service.


LA VALLETTE DD 448

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Fletcher Class Destroyer
    Keel Laid November 27 1941 - Launched June 21 1942

Naval Covers

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Postmarks

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A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
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Postmark Type
---
Killer Bar Text

Other Information

USS LA VALLETTE earned ten bronze service stars on her Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal for her World War II service.

NAMESAKE - Elie Augustus Frederick La Vallette (3 May 1790 – 18 November 1862)
      La Vallette was one of the first rear admirals appointed when President Lincoln created this rank in July 1862. Born in Alexandria, Va., 3 May 1790, at age 10 he accompanied his father, a chaplain, on a cruise in USS Philadelphia, commanded by Stephen Decatur. After merchant marine service, be entered the Navy during the War of 1812. As acting lieutenant in USS Saratoga during the Battle of Lake Champlain, 11 September 1814, he distinguished himself, winning promotion and a medal. He commanded USS Congress during the Mexican War, directing operations against Guaymas and Urias 19 to 20 November 1847. In the 1850’s he commanded the African, and then the Mediterranean, Squadron. Four months after his appointment as rear admiral, he died 18 November 1862 in Philadelphia.

Two ships of the US Navy have honored RAdm La Vallette - USS La Vallette DD-315 and USS La Vallette DD-448.

The ships sponsor was Mrs. Lucy La Vallette Littel, great-granddaughter of Rear Admiral LaVallette.

If you have images or information to add to this page, then either contact the Curator or edit this page yourself and add it. See Editing Ship Pages for detailed information on editing this page.


USS La Vallette (DD-448) -->

USS La Vallette (DD-448) adalah sebuah kelas-Fletcher era Perang Dunia II yang bertugas di Angkatan Laut Amerika Serikat. Kapal tersebut adalah kapal kedua yang diambil dari nama Laksamana Muda Elie A. F. La Vallette.

La Vallette dibangun mulai 27 November 1941 oleh Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company di Kearny, New Jersey dan selesai pada 21 Juni 1942. Kapal ini disponsori oleh Nyonya Lucy La Vallette Littel, cicit dari Laksamana Muda LaVallette. Kapal ini mulai bertugas pada 12 Agustus 1942 dibawah komando Letnan Komandan H. H. Henderson.

La Vallette menerima 10 bintang pertempur untuk aksinya dalam Perang Dunia II.


Contents

After training and escort duty in the Caribbean and Atlantic, La Vallette departed New York 16 December 1942 for the Panama Canal and Pacific duty. First contact with the enemy came 29 January 1943 as she screened Task Force 18 (TF18) off Guadalcanal, when La Vallette’s guns splashed three of a wave of attacking planes.

Attacked again 30 January while guarding Chicago (CA-29), she shot down six Japanese Mitsubishi G4M “Bettys”, but was struck by a torpedo. With 22 dead, she was towed to drydock at Espiritu Santo for temporary repairs, then sailed to Mare Island Navy Yard, arriving 1 April.

Completely repaired, La Vallette left 6 August for Pearl Harbor, where she joined a carrier force for a strike on Marcus Island 31 August before returning to patrol duty in the Solomon Islands. On the nights of 1 and 2 October, she contacted Japanese troop barges off Kolombangara, of which she sank four and damaged two. La Vallette carried out escort and screening assignments during the Gilbert landings, and in strikes against Kwajalein and Wotje, during which she splashed another enemy aircraft. Brief repairs at San Francisco followed, after which she returned to the South Pacific.

On 1 February 1944 she fired in the preinvasion bombardment of Roi, part of the Kwajalein complex in April she hit Aitape, and on 2 July supported the landings on Noemfoor, off New Guinea. Constant patrol and escort operations were conducted between these invasions.

Assigned to escort convoys during the first assaults on the Philippines, La Vallette had already left Leyte Gulf with a convoy bound to reload at Hollandia before the vast and decisive Battle of Leyte Gulf erupted but she returned to the Philippines by 5 December, when she splashed a kamikaze in Surigao Strait. She covered five more landings. in the Philippines during December and January 1945, then joined the screen for minesweepers clearing Manila Bay. On 14 February in Mariveles Harbor, La Vallette was extensively damaged by a mine. With six dead and 23 wounded, she was towed to drydock at Subic Bay, then sailed for Hunters Point Navy Yard where she was completely repaired. On 7 August she sailed for San Diego, California, where she decommissioned 16 April 1946, and entered the Reserve Fleet, where she remained at least into 1969. In 1974 she was sold to Peru for parts.


Lavallette Municipal Building

The Police Department is open 24 hours a day 7 days a week.

The Lavallette Post Office with hours Monday - Friday 8:30am-12pm and 12:30pm to 4pm and Saturday 9am-12pm. With 24 hour access to post office boxes.

Municipal Offices
Administration, Monday - Friday 8am-4pm
Building Department and Municipal Court, open Monday - Friday 9am-3pm.

Lavallette Municipal Offices are closed on the following holidays:

Holidays that fall on a Saturday will be observed on Friday.
Holidays that fall on a Sunday will be observed on Monday.

Directory

First Floor

Police Department
Administration, Finance, Taxes and Utility Payments
Beach Badge Office
Lavallette Post Office

Second Floor

Construction, Zoning / Code Enforcement, Planning Board
Municipal Court
Council Chambers
Rest Rooms - Currently closed to the public.

Municipal Drop Box

Payment Drop Box

Located in the lobby of the Municipal Building underneath the building directory.

Historical displays in the Municipal Building

The new municipal building is host to borough historical displays in various stages of completion with more projects still in the works. With the with the help of the memorabilia committee, the municipal building is being decorated with historical items and displays depicting the history of the town. Some of the displays are pictured below. Check back, as more projects are completed information on this page will be updated.

The quilt was designed by Mrs. Carolyn Ham depicting notable Lavallette landmarks. The quilt measures 72” x 108” with 24 different appliquéd squares. The reverse side of the quilt was designed and created by: Alfreda Yochum, Gertrude Jorgensen, Ruth Thomas, Marie Thomas and Trudy Turiello. The quilt is now on display in the Lavallette Municipal Building.


Quilt Squares and Quilter (top left to bottom right)
Brackman Brothers Lumber Co. – Carolyn Ham
Bay Sunset – Carolyn Ham
Ocean Sand Dunes – Carolyn Ham
Lavallette Borough Hall – Carolyn Ham
Ocean Boardwalk – Margie Meyers
Lavallette Yacht Club – Verena Kusma
Lavallette Water Tower – Ann Johnson
First Church of St Bonaventure – Kathy Henry
Lavallette Train Station – Adele Arnesen
Lavallette Police Station – Elsie Pecci
Stevens’ House – Nancy Hoffman
Lavallette Post Office – Pamela Turiello
Lavallette Union Church – Helen Hoffman
First School House – Annette Lupshevicz
Charles Hankins Boat Builders – Anna O. Hankins
Memorial Park Honor Roll – Jane Bieniek
West Point Island Bridge – Carolyn Ham
Lavallette Hotel – Marion Woodring
Bay Dock and Pavilion – Lorraine Storck
Faith Lutheran Church – Edith Kunzelman
Lavallette First Aid Building – Alice Plosica
Ocean Pound Boats – Carolyn Ham
Lavallette Elementary School – Carolyn Ham
Lavallette Fire Co. – Joan Brice

On display in the foyer on the second floor of the municipal building.

Admiral LaVallette and the USS LaVallette DD-448


Flag flown on the USS-LaVallette - Portrait of Admiral Elie A. F. LaVallette - Model ship of the USS Lavallette DD-448

The Borough of Lavallette was formally incorporated in late December of 1887, but Lavallette, as a place name is almost ten years older. In February of 1878, the directors of the Barnegat Land Improvement Company filed a plot plan with Ocean County, designating the tract they purchased from Michael W. Ortley as "Lavallette City by the Sea." The name honored U. S. Navy Admiral Elie A. F. LaVallette, who distinguished himself as a young lieutenant aboard Commodore Thomas McDonough's flagship in the battle of Lake Champlain and later commanded the U.S.S. Constitution. Of French descent, the Admiral legally anglicized his name to Lavallette in 1830. His son, A. T. Lavallette, was secretary of the Land Improvement Company. Latter a US Navy Destroyer was named after the admiral. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elie_A._F._La_Vallette


USS La Vallette (DD-448) was a World War II-era Fletcher-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy. She was the second Navy ship named after Rear Admiral Elie A. F. La Vallette.

After training and escort duty in the Caribbean and Atlantic, La Vallette departed New York 16 December 1942 for the Panama Canal and Pacific duty. First contact with the enemy came 29 January 1943 as she screened Task Force 18 (TF18) off Guadalcanal, when La Vallette’s guns splashed three of a wave of attacking planes.

Attacked again 30 January while guarding Chicago (CA-29), she shot down six Japanese Mitsubishi G4M “Bettys”, but was struck by a torpedo. With 22 dead, she was towed to drydock at Espiritu Santo for temporary repairs, then sailed to Mare Island Navy Yard, arriving 1 April.

Completely repaired, La Vallette left 6 August for Pearl Harbor, where she joined a carrier force for a strike on Marcus Island 31 August before returning to patrol duty in the Solomon Islands. On the nights of 1 and 2 October, she contacted Japanese troop barges off Kolombangara, of which she sank four and damaged two. La Vallette carried out escort and screening assignments during the Gilbert landings, and in strikes against Kwajalein and Wotje, during which she splashed another enemy aircraft. Brief repairs at San Francisco followed, after which she returned to the South Pacific.

Assigned to escort convoys during the first assaults on the Philippines, La Vallette had already left Leyte Gulf with a convoy bound to reload at Hollandia before the vast and decisive Battle of Leyte Gulf erupted but she returned to the Philippines by 5 December, when she splashed a kamikaze in Surigao Strait. She covered five more landings. in the Philippines during December and January 1945, then joined the screen for minesweepers clearing Manila Bay. On 14 February in Mariveles Harbor, La Vallette was extensively damaged by a mine. With six dead and 23 wounded, she was towed to drydock at Subic Bay, then sailed for Hunters Point Navy Yard where she was completely repaired. On 7 August she sailed for San Diego, California, where she decommissioned 16 April 1946, and entered the Reserve Fleet, where she remained at least into 1969. In 1974 she was sold to Peru for parts. (Src Wikipedia) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_La_Vallette_(DD-448)

USS LaVallette DD-448 Ship Bell


Located in a bell housing in the front of the municipal building is a bell from the USS LaVallette. The bell was given to the Borough by members of the crew dedicated May 25, 1998. This bell was housed in front of the old borough hall and was moved to its new location when the new Municipal Building was built.

Pound Fishing Sculpture


Sculpture depicting the early days of pound fishing off the surf. - Brian Hanlon sculptor

There were three pounds in the Lavallette area, one north of the town, one at President Avenue and one in the southern end of the borough. Pound fishing was a major industry in the early days of Lavallette supplying fresh fish to the markets in New York and Philadelphia by train. The pound fishing industry also supported another prominent local business when Charles Hankins opened his boat building business in 1912. Hankins Boat Works supplied most of the boats to the local fish pounds.
More about the artist.


Battle of Rennell Island, 29-30 January 1943

The battle of Rennell Island (29-30 January 1943) was a clash between Japanese aircraft and a US Navy task force escorting reinforcements to Guadalcanal that ended as a clear Japanese victory after they sank the heavy cruiser USS Chicago (CA-29). Although the Japanese were close to defeat on the island, they still had strong forces in the area, and American reinforcements were still needed on the island. Accordingly, in late September a troop convoy was dispatched towards Guadalcanal from the south, protected by an escort group.

The escort was provided by cruisers and destroyers from Task Force 18, which included the heavy cruisers Wichita (the flagship), Chicago (CA-29) and Louisville (CA-28), the Cleveland class light cruisers Cleveland, Columbia and Montpelier and the destroyers Waller (DD-466), Chevalier (DD-451), La Vallette (DD-448) and Edwards (DD-691). A number of other American ships were close enough to participate in the battle, most importantly the carrier Enterprise, whose fighters were involved on the second day.

The Japanese aircraft involved came from the land-based 701st and 705th Kokutai. They found the American escort ships to the north of Rennell Island (Mangana, the southernmost of the Solomon Islands, 120 miles to the south of Guadalcanal). The first attack came on the evening of 29 January. A number of Japanese aircraft were shot down, but two of them crashed into the sea behind the Chicago, and she was silhouetted against the flames. Mitsubishi G4M-l 'Betty' Bombers from the 701st Kokutai hit the Chicago with two torpedoes. The first hit, at 19.45, stopped three of the cruiser's four drive shafts, while the second hit between number three fireroom and the forward engine room. The Chicago was left dead in the water, although her damage control parties were able to bring her back onto the level.

Soon after this the Japanese attack ended. The Louisville was able to take her damaged sister in tow, and the task force began a slow retreat back towards Espiritu Santo. The Japanese didn't renew their attack until the afternoon of 30 January, by which time the Chicago was 30 miles to the east of Rennell Island, being towed by the tug Navajo (AT-64) and the destroyer La Vallette (DD-448). At 14.45 twelve 'Betties' were detected to the south of New Georgia heading for the damaged cruiser. A combat air patrol of F4Fs from VF 10 on USS Enterprise intercepted the Japanese bombers, but were only able to shoot down three of the twelve. Anti-aircraft fire from Task Force 18 claimed seven more, but the remaining two aircraft scored two more torpedo hits on the Chicago. This time the damage was too severe to be repaired, and the Chicago had to be abandoned, sinking stern-first at 16.44. The La Vallette (DD-448) was also hit by a torpedo which killed 22 and meant that she too had to be towed away from the damage area. This ended the battle. Although Task Force 18 had been forced to turn back, and had suffered the loss of the Chicago, the transport ships reached Guadalcanal safely.


La Vallette II DD- 448 - History

A Tin Can Sailors
Destroyer History

DD-451 was the first warship to be named for Godfrey DeCourcelles Chevalier, the seventh naval aviator to be appointed. During his career, LCDR Chevalier would be the first Pilot to catapult from a battleship and the first pilot to land on the deck of USS LANGLEY (CV-1), the Navy's first carrier. LCDR Chevalier would die of injuries sustained in an airplane crash in 1922.

By the time DD-451was commissioned, the East Coast of the United States was under siege by Nazi submarines, so the new destroyer was assigned to convoy duty protecting tankers and cargo vessels. She also screened one of the first reinforcement convoys to cross the Atlantic in support of the North African "TORCH" landings. Prior to the end of December, however, CHEVALIER was ordered to the Pacific.

The waters around Guadalcanal seemed a magnet for the early FLETCHERS and CHEVALIER was no exception. Action has shifted to northward and Kula Gulf, which separates new Georgia and Kolombangara. Bordered by dense jungle and imposing rock cliffs on three sides, the Gulf is almost twenty miles wide at the mouth, narrowing to about seven miles at the base. The nearly twenty-five-mile-long Gulf provided a perfect amphitheater for small naval action. DD-451 knew Kula Gulf well.

USS CHEVALIER escorted mine layers into the Gulf many times, helping to provide a "fence" of explosives to contain Japanese naval forces steaming down the narrow water passage to Guadalcanal and using the Gulf as a refuge. The destroyer quickly be came a familiar sight in the area, providing convoy escort, adding her prodigious fire-power to anti-aircraft umbrellas protecting troop transports, and covering landing beaches.

On another foray into Kula Gulf, DD-451, supported by USS STRONG (DD-467) and USS O'BANNON (DD-450), was attacked by three Japanese destroyers. STRONG received a torpedo, opening her hull amidships on both the port and starboard sides. Ignoring fire from the shore, CHEVALIER intentionally rammed her bow into the mortally wounded STRONG, allowing two-hundred-forty-seven of the STRONG's survivors to crawl across to safety while O'BANNON provided covering fire, Moments after the loaded destroyer pulled free, STRONG went down. CHEVALIER and O’BANNON succeeded in returning to Espiritu Santo, DD-451 with a twenty square foot hole torn in her bow. CHEVALIER returned to action in July.

DD-451 would continue devastating attacks on the Japanese barge reinforcement effort. Frequently, the patrols also included clashes with escorting Japanese destroyers. Sometimes, those destroyers were too numerous.

Japanese troops on Vella Lavelia were cut off by October 1943, and the decision was made in Tokyo to attempt to evacuate the garrison, so nine destroyers and destroyer transports were sent to effect the removal. Three American destroyers stood in their way.

DD-451, along with O'BANNON and SELFRIDGE (DD-357), uncovered the attempt and attacked immediately, although the Americans were greatly outnumbered. The American destroyers began the action by firing half of their torpedoes, then blasting away with every weapon that would bear on the Japanese force. The enemy did likewise.

A Japanese 24-inch "Long Lance" torpedo smashed into CHEVALIER, tearing off her bow just forward of the bridge. She immediately went out of control. O'BANNON, following the stricken destroyer closely, was unable to maneuver out of the way in time and sliced into CHEVALIER's after engine room. In an effort to lighten the ship, a final spread of torpedoes was fired at the Japanese. The crew of CHEVALIER were encouraged by seeing a bright flash coming from the direction of the Japanese destroyer YUGUMO. She blew up shortly afterward.

CHEVALIER's damage was too extensive for even her experienced crew to control. The vessel was abandoned after several hours of fruitless salvage efforts. O'BANNON removed the ship's crew, then stood off while USS LA VALLETTE (DD-448) sank the valiant destroyer with a torpedo and gunfire. Her bow, floating a mile to the west, was sunk with depth charges. CHEVALIER suffered ninety casualties in her last action.

For her service in World War II, USS CHEVALIER earned three battle stars.


Mục lục

La Vallette được đặt lườn tại xưởng tàu của hãng Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company ở Kearny, New Jersey vào ngày 27 tháng 11 năm 1941. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 21 tháng 6 năm 1942 được đỡ đầu bởi bà Lucy La Vallette Littel, chắt của Chuẩn đô đốc LaVallette và nhập biên chế vào ngày 12 tháng 8 năm 1942 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Thiếu tá Hải quân H. H. Henderson.

Sau khi hoàn tất huấn luyện và làm nhiệm vụ hộ tống tại vùng biển Caribe và Đại Tây Dương, La Vallette rời New York vào ngày 16 tháng 12 năm 1942, băng qua kênh đào Panama để đi sang khu vực Mặt trận Thái Bình Dương. Trong khi hộ tống cho Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 18 ngoài khơi Guadalcanal vào ngày 29 tháng 1 năm 1943, nó tham gia tác chiến lần đầu tiên, các khẩu pháo của nó đã bắn rơi ba máy bay đối phương trong một đợt không kích. Lại bị tấn công vào ngày 30 tháng 1 đang khi hộ tống cho tàu tuần dương hạng nặng Chicago, nó bắn rơi sáu máy bay ném bom-ngư lôi Mitsubishi G4M “Betty”, nhưng cũng bị một quả ngư lôi bắn trúng, khiến 22 người thiệt mạng. Chiếc tàu khu trục được kéo về ụ nổi tại Espiritu Santo để sửa chữa tạm thời, trước khi lên đường đi Xưởng hải quân Mare Island, đến nơi vào ngày 1 tháng 4.

Sau khi hoàn tất sửa chữa, La Vallette khởi hành vào ngày 6 tháng 8 để đi Trân Châu Cảng, nơi nó gia nhập lực lượng đặc nhiệm tàu sân bay để tiến hành không kích đảo Marcus vào ngày 31 tháng 8, trước khi quay trở lại nhiệm vụ tuần tra tại khu vực quần đảo Solomon. Trong đêm 1-2 tháng 10, nó phát hiện các xà lan tiếp liệu Nhật Bản ngoài khơi Kolombangara, nơi nó đánh chìm bốn chiếc và làm hư hỏng hai chiếc khác. Sau đó, nó làm nhiệm vụ hộ tống và bảo vệ trong khi diễn ra các cuộc đổ bộ lên quần đảo Gilbert, trong các cuộc tấn công xuống Kwajalein và Wotje, nơi nó bắn rơi thêm một máy bay đối phương. Sau một đợt sửa chữa ngắn tại San Francisco, California, con tàu quay trở lại khu vực Tây Nam Thái Bình Dương.

Vào ngày 1 tháng 2 năm 1944, La Vallette bắn phá chuẩn bị lên Roi trong khuôn khổ cuộc tấn công lên Kwajalein. Đến tháng 4, nó bắn phá Aitape, và vào ngày 2 tháng 7 đã hỗ trợ cho cuộc đổ bộ lên Noemfoor ngoài khơi New Guinea. Xen kẻ giữa các chiến dịch này là những nhiệm vụ tuần tra và hộ tống vận tải hầu như liên tục.

Được phân nhiệm vụ hộ tống vận tải trong giai đoạn mở màn của Chiến dịch Philippines, La Vallette đã rời vịnh Leyte cùng một đoàn tàu vận tải hướng đến Hollandia để chuyên chở tiếp liệu và tăng viện, khi trận Hải chiến vịnh Leyte mang tính quyết định nổ ra. Nó quay trở lại Philippines vào ngày 5 tháng 12, nơi nó bắn rơi một máy bay tấn công cảm tử Kamikaze trong vịnh Surigao. Chiếc tàu khu trục còn tiếp tục hỗ trợ cho năm cuộc đổ bộ khác tại Philippines trong tháng 12 năm 1944 và tháng 1 năm 1945, rồi tham gia bảo vệ cho các tàu quét mìn rà quét vịnh Manila.

Vào ngày 14 tháng 2, tại cảng Mariveles, La Vallette bị hư hại nặng bởi một quả mìn, khiến sáu người thiệt mạng và 23 người khác bị thương. Nó được kéo đến một ụ tàu nổi trong vịnh Subic, rồi lên đường quay về Xưởng hải quân Hunters Point để được sửa chữa triệt để. Đến ngày 7 tháng 8, nó lên đường đi San Diego, California, nơi nó được cho xuất biên chế vào ngày 16 tháng 4 năm 1946 và được đưa về lực lượng dự bị do đến năm 1969. Tên nó được cho rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 1 tháng 2 năm 1974 và đến ngày 26 tháng 7 năm 1974, nó được bán cho Peru để làm nguồn phụ tùng thay thế cho những con tàu còn hoạt động.

La Vallette được tặng thưởng mười Ngôi sao Chiến trận do thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II.


The USS La Vallette

In 1943, during the early part of my tenure on board the ship, I painted the USS La Vallette (DD448) from a dock in San Diego. I painted in the surrounding ocean after heading out to sea.

Reproductions were made for the crew. One reproduction now hangs in Lavallette, New Jersey another in the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island and a third is displayed at the USS Hornet Museum in Alameda, California.

Both the town of Lavallette and the WWII combat ship were named after Rear Admiral Elie La Vallette, who took command of the historic U.S.S. Constitution in 1825.

The original painting of the USS La Vallette was featured in special exhibits at the Charlestown Navy Yard Museum in 1983 and 1985, where the USS Constitution is now berthed and open to the public as a museum.

Ironically, the U.S.S. La Vallette’s WWII sister ship, USS Cassin Young (DD-793), is also a floating museum and historic landmark berthed at the Charlestown Navy Yard, next to the USS Constitution.

This drawing was transferred to a metal plaque and placed in the Captain's Cabin in the USS Cassin Young, a floating museum berthed in the Charlestown Navy Yard, a Boston National Historic Park.

I was commissioned to create illustrations depicting men working and living on board the USS Cassin Young during WWII. My pictorial re-enactments have been transferred to metal plaques and strategically placed throughout the Cassin Young Museum for visitors to reference.

The USS La Vallette, part of DesRon 21 (Destroyer Squadron 21), is one of the 12 most battle tested ships in United States naval history. It survived a torpedo in the Battle of Rennell Island, a mine during the taking of Corregidor, and it was awarded 10 Battle Stars for service in the Pacific during World War ll. At the end of the war, the USS La Vallette was decommissioned and put into “moth balls”.

Years later, the ship was sold to the Peruvian government. The original ship’s bell was recently installed on the quarterdeck of the USS Hornet Museum, in California, and is used for ceremonies honoring veterans and Naval history.


How Did Benito Mussolini Come to Power?

Benito Mussolini came to power by forming the Fascist Party in 1919. Italy was in a state of unrest and the Fascist Party began gaining support on a national level.

By 1922, the country's chaos continued and Mussolini and his Fascist Party gathered and traveled to Rome. After arriving, King Victor Emmanuel III requested that Mussolini start forming a government in the hopes that he could restore order and prevent a communist takeover. During the next few years, he worked to form an effective government and in 1925, he officially became dictator of Italy.

Immediately after declaring himself dictator, the country became state-controlled and Mussolini began restoring order in Italy by putting establishing programs to help the poor and improve the economy. Although he was successful at first in improving his country economy-wise, his outlawing of other political parties and censorship of the press interrupted the daily life of Italians. In 1935, Mussolini invaded Abyssinia and in 1939, he signed the the Pact of Steel alongside Adolph Hitler. Following Nazi Germany's lead, he also brought about strong feelings of anti-Semitism throughout Italy as he implemented Jewish discrimination policies. Mussolini continued to reign for several years until the Allied Forces stepped in 1942 and arrested him. Three years later, Mussolini was executed.


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